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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D) as a % of GDP: by sector of performance - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro2.04
%
Portugal
2015
Pro1.28
%
EU28
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.52
%
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
European Union (28 countries)-Pro2.04-Pro1.30-Pro0.24-Pro0.47-Pro0.02
   Austrias1.53Pro3.07-Pro2.18-Pro0.14-Pro0.75-Pro0.01
   Belgium1.64Pro2.461.17Pro1.770.08Pro0.190.37Pro0.490.02Pro0.01
   Bulgaria0.56Pro0.980.28Pro0.720.24Pro0.200.05Pro0.05-Pro0.01
   Croatia-0.85-0.44-0.21-0.21--
   Cyprus-Pro0.46-Pro0.08-Pro0.06-Pro0.25-Pro0.07
   Czech Republic0.88Pro1.950.58Pro1.060.23Pro0.400.08Pro0.48-Pro0.01
   Denmark1.79s3.031.03s1.870.30s0.070.44s1.080.02s0.01
   Estonia-Pro1.50-Pro0.690.41Pro0.160.16Pro0.62-Pro0.03
   Finland2.202.901.391.940.370.240.430.710.010.02
   France2.23Pro2.231.36Pro1.450.47Pro0.290.37Pro0.450.03Pro0.03
   Germanys2.13Pro2.871.41s1.950.33Pro0.430.39Pro0.50--
   Greece0.42Pro0.960.12Pro0.320.11Pro0.260.18Pro0.370.00Pro0.01
   Hungary0.711.390.311.020.180.180.180.17--
   Irelands1.22-0.86-0.110.05s0.25s0.28s0.01-
   Italy0.94Pro1.340.50Pro0.740.20Pro0.180.24Pro0.38-Pro0.04
   Latvia0.43Pro0.620.12Pro0.150.20Pro0.160.11Pro0.31--
   Lithuania0.43Pro1.04-Pro0.28-0.18-0.58--
   Luxembourg-Pro1.29-Pro0.66-Pro0.40-Pro0.23--
   Malta-Pro0.77-Pro0.37-Pro0.13-Pro0.26-Pro0.00
   Netherlands1.85Pro2.010.96Pro1.120.33Pro0.250.53Pro0.650.02-
   Poland0.621.010.240.470.220.250.160.290.000.00
   Portugal0.52Pro1.280.11Pro0.600.14Pro0.080.19Pro0.580.08Pro0.02
   Romania0.75Pro0.490.58Pro0.210.15Pro0.190.02Pro0.09-Pro0.00
   Slovakia0.911.190.490.330.360.330.050.520.000.00
   Slovenias1.49Pro2.210.70Pro1.690.38Pro0.30s0.41Pro0.230.01Pro0.00
   Spain0.77Pro1.220.37Pro0.640.14Pro0.230.25Pro0.340.01Pro0.00
   Swedens3.13Pro3.28s2.34Pro2.280.120.110.680.880.00Pro0.01
   United Kingdom1.68Pro1.701.09Pro1.120.24Pro0.120.32Pro0.440.02Pro0.03
Iceland1.532.200.491.420.570.110.420.670.05-
United States of America----------
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-11-21
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