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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (PPS) - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro287,095.0
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2015
Pro2,940.5
PPS - Millions
EU28
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
593.1
PPS - Millions
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
1995
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro287,095.0xPro181,822.6xPro36,350.0xPro66,615.0xPro2,307.4
   Austrias2,419.6Pro9,718.2xPro6,882.5xPro431.4xPro2,363.5xPro40.8
   Belgium3,181.1Pro9,308.22,267.3Pro6,697.2153.0Pro722.8716.4Pro1,856.344.4Pro31.9
   Bulgaria242.1Pro939.6119.6Pro688.3102.4Pro195.320.1Pro50.9xPro5.2
   Croatiax601.4x308.1x147.6x145.8xx
   CyprusxPro91.0xPro15.0xPro12.3xPro48.9xPro14.7
   Czech Republic1,055.5Pro5,127.8686.8Pro2,784.6279.2Pro1,046.389.5Pro1,277.1xPro19.8
   Denmark1,830.9s6,102.51,050.7s3,769.3311.4s137.8449.1s2,170.719.7s24.7
   EstoniaxPro415.7xPro191.431.6Pro44.912.4Pro171.9xPro7.5
   Finland1,818.24,969.21,149.53,312.8302.7406.2355.41,211.810.738.4
   France22,989.6Pro45,002.714,019.3Pro29,298.04,825.4Pro5,881.73,840.6Pro9,126.0304.3Pro697.0
   Germanys33,657.9Pro84,500.922,308.1s57,237.85,212.4Pro12,599.36,137.5Pro14,663.7xx
   Greece567.0Pro2,105.3167.2Pro701.9144.5Pro582.0251.2Pro804.94.1Pro16.5
   Hungary558.52,666.6242.61,958.3142.8354.3138.3323.0xx
   Irelands682.0x477.8x61.2122.7s139.4s637.1s5.2x
   Italy9,784.6Pro22,252.55,225.8Pro12,305.02,067.4Pro2,949.42,491.5Pro6,357.4xPro640.7
   Latvia53.6Pro228.815.1Pro56.625.3Pro58.613.2Pro113.6xx
   Lithuania80.5Pro640.0xPro172.1x110.0x357.9xx
   LuxembourgxPro569.8xPro290.7xPro177.4xPro101.6xx
   MaltaxPro84.3xPro40.9xPro14.8xPro28.6xPro0.0
   Netherlands5,488.6Pro12,563.42,860.6Pro6,981.3993.5Pro1,549.51,581.0Pro4,032.653.5x
   Poland1,515.07,637.6586.83,557.1529.71,863.2398.52,205.40.012.0
   Portugal593.1Pro2,940.5124.1Pro1,385.5160.3Pro173.8219.7Pro1,338.089.0Pro43.2
   Romania816.31,577.8633.1694.3162.4603.620.8275.2x4.7
   Slovakia344.31,417.8185.6396.3138.5395.020.2620.90.05.6
   Slovenias329.1Pro1,083.4153.3Pro826.283.0Pro146.3s90.8Pro110.42.0Pro0.4
   Spain4,185.5Pro14,864.32,018.7Pro7,801.7779.4Pro2,847.31,340.4Pro4,184.247.0Pro31.1
   Swedens5,270.1Pro11,378.2s3,931.3Pro7,910.2193.8390.91,136.63,055.98.3Pro21.2
   United Kingdom18,330.1Pro35,035.011,907.0Pro23,027.12,669.5Pro2,381.73,521.9Pro8,974.4231.6Pro651.8
Iceland79.7260.025.4168.129.812.621.979.32.5x
Norway1,451.6Pro4,688.0823.2Pro2,543.4250.7Pro706.6377.7Pro1,438.0xx
Switzerlandxxxxx115.9xxxx
Japans69,149.7xs45,093.9x6,671.7xs14,312.5x3,071.7x
United States of America154,155.4x108,726.2x21,616.9x18,932.7x4,879.7x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-11-21
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