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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (%) - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro64.0
%
Portugal
2015
Pro47.1
%
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
31.2
%
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Proportion - %
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro100.0xPro64.0xPro11.9xPro23.2xPro0.8
   Austrias100.0Pro100.0-Pro70.8-Pro4.4-Pro24.3-Pro0.4
   BelgiumxPro100.0-Pro71.9xPro7.8xPro19.9xPro0.3
   BulgariaxPro100.0xPro73.3xPro20.8xPro5.4xPro0.5
   Croatiax100.0x51.2x24.5x24.2x-
   CyprusxPro100.0xPro16.5xPro13.6xPro53.7xPro16.2
   Czech RepublicxPro100.0xPro54.3xPro20.4xPro24.9xPro0.4
   Denmark100.0s100.051.8s61.821.8s2.325.5s35.60.8s0.4
   EstoniaxPro100.0xPro46.0xPro10.8xPro41.4xPro1.8
   Finlandx100.0x66.7x8.2x24.4x0.8
   France100.0Pro100.057.9Pro65.125.2Pro13.115.9Pro20.30.9Pro1.5
   Germanys100.0Pro100.0s70.3Pro67.7s12.9Pro14.9s16.2Pro17.4s0.5-
   GreecexPro100.0xPro33.3xPro27.6xPro38.2xPro0.8
   Hungaryx100.0x73.4x13.3x12.1x-
   Ireland100.0x43.6x39.3-16.0-1.1x
   Italy100.0Pro100.056.8Pro55.324.7Pro13.318.6Pro28.6-Pro2.9
   LatviaxPro100.0xPro24.8xPro25.6xPro49.6x-
   LithuaniaxPro100.0xPro26.9xPro17.2xPro55.9x-
   LuxembourgxPro100.0xPro51.0xPro31.1xPro17.8x-
   MaltaxPro100.0xPro48.5xPro17.5xPro34.0xPro0.0
   Netherlands100.0Pro100.051.6Pro55.619.3Pro12.326.6Pro32.12.5-
   Polandx100.0x46.6x24.4x28.9x0.2
   Portugal100.0Pro100.031.2Pro47.143.6Pro5.920.6Pro45.54.6Pro1.5
   Romaniax100.0x44.0x38.3x17.4x0.3
   Slovakiax100.0x28.0x27.9x43.8x0.4
   SloveniaxPro100.0xPro76.3xPro13.5xPro10.2xPro0.0
   Spain100.0Pro100.048.8Pro52.528.8Pro19.222.4Pro28.1-Pro0.2
   SwedenxPro100.0xPro69.5xPro3.4xPro26.9xPro0.2
   United KingdomxPro100.0xPro65.7xPro6.8xPro25.6xPro1.9
Icelandx100.0x64.7x4.8x30.5x-
Norways100.0Pro100.0s54.6Pro54.3s18.0Pro15.1s26.9Pro30.7s0.5-
Switzerlandxxxxx-xxxx
Japans100.0xs61.9xs10.3xs23.6xs4.2x
United States of America100.0x70.4x17.8x9.4x2.4x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-11-21
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