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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector (PPS) - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro287,095.0
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2015
Pro2,940.5
PPS - Millions
EU28
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
593.1
PPS - Millions
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1995
2015
1995
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro287,095.0xPro181,822.6
   Austrias2,419.6Pro9,718.2xPro6,882.5
   Belgium3,181.1Pro9,308.22,267.3Pro6,697.2
   Bulgaria242.1Pro939.6119.6Pro688.3
   Croatiax601.4x308.1
   CyprusxPro91.0xPro15.0
   Czech Republic1,055.5Pro5,127.8686.8Pro2,784.6
   Denmark1,830.9s6,102.51,050.7s3,769.3
   EstoniaxPro415.7xPro191.4
   Finland1,818.24,969.21,149.53,312.8
   France22,989.6Pro45,002.714,019.3Pro29,298.0
   Germanys33,657.9Pro84,500.922,308.1s57,237.8
   Greece567.0Pro2,105.3167.2Pro701.9
   Hungary558.52,666.6242.61,958.3
   Irelands682.0x477.8x
   Italy9,784.6Pro22,252.55,225.8Pro12,305.0
   Latvia53.6Pro228.815.1Pro56.6
   Lithuania80.5Pro640.0xPro172.1
   LuxembourgxPro569.8xPro290.7
   MaltaxPro84.3xPro40.9
   Netherlands5,488.6Pro12,563.42,860.6Pro6,981.3
   Poland1,515.07,637.6586.83,557.1
   Portugal593.1Pro2,940.5124.1Pro1,385.5
   Romania816.31,577.8633.1694.3
   Slovakia344.31,417.8185.6396.3
   Slovenias329.1Pro1,083.4153.3Pro826.2
   Spain4,185.5Pro14,864.32,018.7Pro7,801.7
   Swedens5,270.1Pro11,378.2s3,931.3Pro7,910.2
   United Kingdom18,330.1Pro35,035.011,907.0Pro23,027.1
Iceland79.7260.025.4168.1
Norway1,451.6Pro4,688.0823.2Pro2,543.4
Switzerlandxxxx
Japans69,149.7xs45,093.9x
United States of America154,155.4x108,726.2x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-11-21
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