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EUROPE

Patent applications to the European Patents Organisation (EPO) made by the enterprises sector, Higher Education and independent individuals (%)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2012
Pro86.6
%
Portugal
2012
Pro90.7
%
EU28
1977
82.7
%
Portugal
1977
 
(no values)
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Proportion - %
Groups/Countries
% patent applications by the enterprises sector
% patent applications by the higher education sector
% patent applications by individuals
Years More years here
1977
2012
1977
2012
1977
2012
European Union (28 countries)82.7Pro86.60.0Pro2.011.3Pro6.2
   Austria64.1Pro83.5-Pro2.613.0Pro12.6
   Belgium83.6Pro78.8-Pro12.316.0Pro4.4
   BulgariaxPro100.0x-x-
   CroatiaxPro74.1x-xPro17.2
   Cyprusx-x-xPro100.0
   Czech RepublicxPro69.0xPro12.2xPro14.0
   Denmark39.4Pro96.4-Pro0.756.5Pro1.6
   EstoniaxPro38.9xPro7.8x-
   Finland71.4Pro91.9-Pro0.1-Pro4.2
   France75.1Pro80.7-Pro1.315.0Pro3.7
   Germany89.0Pro89.3-Pro1.77.5Pro5.8
   Greece-Pro48.5-Pro3.7100.0Pro40.5
   Hungary66.7Pro81.9---Pro8.3
   Ireland-Pro79.2-Pro10.8100.0Pro8.2
   Italy66.5Pro87.9-Pro0.720.1Pro9.4
   LatviaxPro23.1xPro35.6xPro11.5
   LithuaniaxPro31.2xPro10.3xPro20.6
   Luxembourg25.0Pro88.5--75.0Pro8.6
   MaltaxPro71.4x-xPro28.6
   Netherlands92.1Pro82.2-Pro2.86.3Pro4.5
   PolandxPro56.0xPro8.7xPro12.4
   Portugal-Pro90.7-Pro4.8-Pro3.9
   RomaniaxPro77.1xPro11.4xPro11.4
   SlovakiaxPro86.7xPro1.1xPro10.1
   SloveniaxPro58.4xPro8.3xPro20.2
   Spain100.0Pro81.0-Pro2.6-Pro10.6
   Sweden57.3Pro92.3-Pro0.241.0Pro3.0
   United Kingdom81.0Pro93.80.3Pro0.57.7Pro5.3
Icelandx-x-xPro20.0
Norway55.6Pro97.5-Pro0.222.2Pro1.2
Switzerland80.4Pro88.9-Pro3.116.3Pro5.9
Japan89.9Pro99.1-Pro0.47.0Pro0.2
United States of America87.5Pro96.30.9Pro0.310.1Pro2.4
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | EPO, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-12-13
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