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Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2014
Pro1,767,866
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2014
Pro38,487
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,767,866xPro862,361xPro209,205xPro682,001xPro14,299
   AustriaxPro41,005xPro26,122xPro1,589xPro13,030xPro264
   Belgium13,410Pro46,8805,662Pro23,812645Pro3,7246,608Pro19,148494Pro196
   BulgariaxPro13,091xPro3,451xPro5,038xPro4,498xPro104
   Croatiax6,117x923x1,857x3,337xx
   CyprusxPro865xPro180xPro80xPro520xPro85
   Czech RepublicxPro36,040xPro18,281xPro6,590xPro10,965xPro204
   Denmark7,255Pro40,6472,587Pro24,1931,868Pro1,2502,719Pro15,01281Pro193
   EstoniaxPro4,305xPro1,250x533x2,443x79
   Finlandx38,281x21,369x4,089x12,381x441
   France90,076Pro269,37737,366Pro162,72418,358Pro29,39033,023Pro73,3931,329Pro3,870
   GermanyxPro359,640xPro204,440xPro55,000xPro100,200xx
   GreecexPro29,694xPro4,938xPro5,610xPro18,851xPro294
   Hungary21,97026,21312,50015,5775,0094,7764,4615,860xx
   Ireland2,291s17,448655s11,246681s455900s5,74755x
   Italy56,707Pro125,97819,535Pro51,9669,314Pro21,62127,858Pro48,203xPro4,188
   LatviaxPro3,748xPro776xPro681xPro2,291xx
   Lithuaniax8,638x1,997x1,400x5,241xx
   LuxembourgxPro2,511xPro1,028xPro742xPro778x0
   MaltaxPro891xPro533xPro16xPro342xPro0
   NetherlandsxPro75,536xPro45,959xPro8,1266,752Pro21,450xx
   PolandxPro78,67751,000Pro25,01510,300Pro13,84717,500Pro39,695xPro120
   Portugal3,963Pro38,487655Pro10,5331,760Pro1,3941,394Pro25,848154Pro711
   Romaniax18,109x5,244x6,409x6,378x78
   Slovakiax14,742x2,645x3,123x8,959x15
   SloveniaxPro8,574xPro4,637xPro1,744xPro2,180xPro13
   Spain18,782Pro122,1693,409Pro44,6223,351Pro20,18012,022Pro57,156xPro210
   SwedenxPro66,643xPro44,433xPro2,304xPro19,616xPro290
   United Kingdom128,000Pro273,56077,000Pro104,48420,000Pro7,64025,000Pro158,4915,000Pro2,945
Icelandxxxxxxx1,033xx
Norways7,754Pro29,3623,382Pro14,466xPro4,600xPro10,296xx
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans406,042xs201,137x28,831xs170,103x5,971x
United States of Americas551,684xxx60,000x99,500x27,000x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2015-12-15
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