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Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro1,817,701
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2015
Pro39,580
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,817,701xPro885,717xPro211,068xPro706,995xPro13,922
   AustriaxPro42,339xPro26,971xPro1,641xPro13,454xPro273
   Belgium13,410Pro55,0875,662Pro26,595645Pro4,6116,608Pro23,643494Pro238
   BulgariaxPro14,224xPro5,490xPro4,749xPro3,862xPro123
   Croatiax6,367x1,065x1,756x3,547xx
   CyprusxPro860xPro185xPro85xPro525xPro65
   Czech RepublicxPro38,081xPro19,161xPro7,393xPro11,357xPro170
   Denmark7,255s41,8092,587s24,2481,868s1,3822,719s15,98481s196
   EstoniaxPro4,186xPro1,152xPro514xPro2,431xPro89
   Finlandx37,516x21,296x3,550x12,240x429
   France90,076x37,366x18,358x33,023x1,329x
   GermanyxPro357,538xs202,038xPro53,300xPro102,200xx
   GreecexPro35,069xPro5,028xPro6,945xPro22,881xPro214
   Hungary21,97025,31612,50015,0265,0094,6804,4615,610xx
   Ireland2,291Pro21,451655Pro11,544681494900s9,41355x
   Italy56,707Pro120,67719,535Pro46,6089,314Pro21,22927,858Pro48,262xPro4,578
   LatviaxPro3,613xPro604xPro691xPro2,318xx
   LithuaniaxPro8,124xPro1,845x1,449x4,830xx
   LuxembourgxPro2,869xPro1,033xPro787xPro1,049xx
   MaltaxPro817xPro474xPro19xPro325xPro0
   NetherlandsxPro76,977xPro45,480xPro9,1976,752Pro22,300xx
   Polandx96,69251,00042,84410,30013,61817,50040,126x105
   Portugal3,963Pro39,580655Pro11,4611,760Pro1,3361,394Pro26,297154Pro486
   Romaniax17,459x4,234x6,659x6,480x86
   Slovakiax14,406x2,789x3,084x8,508x24
   SloveniaxPro7,900xPro4,191xPro1,629xPro2,069xPro11
   Spain18,782122,4373,40945,1513,35119,96212,02257,107x218
   SwedenxPro68,670xPro47,083x3,322xPro18,135xPro130
   United Kingdom128,000Pro289,33077,000Pro110,42020,000Pro7,60925,000Pro168,6825,000Pro2,619
Icelandx1,944x813x239x892xx
Norways7,754Pro30,8263,382Pro15,239xPro4,780xPro10,807xx
Switzerlandxxxxx472xxxx
Japans406,042xs201,137x28,831xs170,103x5,971x
United States of Americas551,684xxx60,000x99,500x27,000x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-01-03
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