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Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2013
2,713,433
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2013
46,711
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
2000
2013
European Union (28 countries)x2,713,433xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Austriax66,186xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Belgium53,39167,898xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Bulgaria15,25917,5454,2344,9914,8954,8541,5091,8712,6672,6217821,8541,1721,354
   Croatiax10,448x1,968x3,491x1,865x900x1,403x823
   Cyprus6801,239207417583063250220151922246990
   Czech Republic24,19861,9766,92618,98111,86429,8171,5964,2491,7852,3574763,4451,5513,127
   Denmark37,69358,246xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Estonia3,7105,858xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Finland52,60452,972xxxxxxxxxxxx
   France327,466418,141xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Germany484,734588,615xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Greecex42,188xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Hungary23,53438,1633,92811,1217,17016,2153,2003,1712,6202,7502,0302,7743,4172,132
   Ireland12,76224,129xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Italy150,066246,764xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Latvia5,4495,3962,115x1,285x223x570x880x376x
   Lithuania11,79111,080xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Luxembourg3,6634,975xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Maltax1,441x537x473x115x44x158x63
   Netherlands91,313123,206x25,588x55,053x17,924x10,208x10,782x3,652
   Poland78,92593,75117,88518,05929,25439,54410,01811,3358,2135,6407,71211,1485,8438,025
   Portugals21,88846,711s5,67812,337s3,86617,155s1,9355,194s2,6231,458s3,0296,470s1,1654,097
   Romania33,89232,5074,3005,36122,52816,9091,1543,3163,8913,8001,2781,3607411,761
   Slovakia15,22117,1664,0163,5225,5046,4961,6401,6981,6387031,8762,7105472,038
   Slovenia8,56815,2291,3874,4934,3627,7731,0651,0114194841,135902200565
   Spain120,618203,302xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Swedenxs80,957xxxxxxxxxxxx
   United Kingdoms288,599377,343xxxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2015-12-16
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