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Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2014
2,774,612
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2014
46,878
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
2000
2014
European Union (28 countries)x2,774,612xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Austriaxs68,101xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Belgium53,391s68,701xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Bulgaria15,25919,3354,2344,9054,8956,3231,5092,1592,6672,5037822,0611,1721,384
   Croatiax10,027x1,881x3,471x1,726x720x1,394x835
   Cyprus6801,269207458583093257220141922116994
   Czech Republic24,19864,4446,92620,66811,86430,2181,5964,0091,7852,4914763,8431,5513,215
   Denmark37,69359,466xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Estonia3,7105,796xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Finland52,60452,130xxxxxxxxxxxx
   France327,466418,243xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Germany484,734605,252xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Greecex43,316xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Hungary23,53437,3293,92811,9617,17015,6683,2003,2072,6202,0092,0302,3423,4172,142
   Ireland12,762s28,379xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Italy150,066249,467xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Latvia5,4495,7392,115x1,285x223x570x880x376x
   Lithuania11,79111,791xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Luxembourg3,6635,243xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Maltax1,444x511x504x134x39x137x63
   Netherlands91,313124,066x26,584x55,155x18,382x9,537x10,631x3,778
   Poland78,925104,35917,88520,89229,25445,63710,01812,6358,2135,8847,71211,2155,8438,096
   Portugals21,88846,878s5,67812,203s3,86617,704s1,9355,230s2,6231,506s3,0296,231s1,1654,004
   Romania33,89231,3914,3005,50222,52815,4221,1543,6883,8913,5491,2781,9577411,273
   Slovakia15,22117,5944,0163,5495,5046,8101,6401,6441,6381,1441,8762,3925472,055
   Slovenia8,56814,8661,387x4,362x1,065x419x1,135x200x
   Spain120,618200,233xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Swedenxs83,473xxxxxxxxxxxx
   United Kingdoms288,599s396,281xxxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-12-05
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