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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro2,848,841
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2015
Pro48,478
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
1982
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro2,848,841xPro1,550,957xPro374,913xPro900,023xx
   AustriaxPro69,318xPro48,608xPro2,658xPro17,637xPro415
   Belgium33,042Pro77,86418,799Pro43,4061,357Pro6,60511,023Pro27,5051,864Pro348
   BulgariaxPro22,421xPro9,409xPro8,328xPro4,521xPro163
   Croatiax10,645x2,714x3,262x4,669xx
   CyprusxPro1,245xPro260xPro225xPro585xPro175
   Czech RepublicxPro66,433xPro36,365xPro12,953xPro16,868xPro247
   Denmark17,235s60,0309,404s35,9353,545s1,6834,116s22,123170s288
   EstoniaxPro5,464xPro1,694xPro782xPro2,890xPro98
   Finlandx50,367x29,770x4,519x15,515x564
   France258,937x132,228x66,446x55,865x4,398x
   GermanyxPro613,740xs379,140xPro100,200xPro134,400xx
   GreecexPro50,512xPro8,128xPro13,460xPro28,508xPro416
   Hungary49,23636,84730,92121,03010,3698,1117,9467,706xx
   Ireland4,960Pro29,4441,549Pro18,2932,2149511,120s10,20077x
   Italy105,927Pro248,14049,900Pro128,56321,036Pro38,21234,991Pro74,892xPro6,473
   LatviaxPro5,570xPro1,145xPro1,184xPro3,241xx
   LithuaniaxPro10,523xPro2,630x2,156x5,737xx
   LuxembourgxPro5,593xPro3,129xPro1,319xPro1,146xx
   MaltaxPro1,391xPro886xPro43xPro463xPro0
   Netherlands57,450Pro128,32727,140Pro80,06312,740Pro14,71416,030Pro33,5501,540x
   Polandx123,34751,00056,15210,30022,07317,50044,961x162
   Portugal8,553Pro48,4781,891Pro18,1264,054Pro1,9442,330Pro27,766278Pro642
   Romaniax31,331x10,128x12,080x9,008x115
   Slovakiax17,591x4,405x4,335x8,815x36
   SloveniaxPro14,225xPro9,222xPro2,437xPro2,555xPro11
   Spains35,530200,86612,91487,43210,59439,67812,02273,327x430
   SwedenxPro84,523xPro58,748x4,234xPro21,350xPro191
   United Kingdom308,000Pro416,538191,000Pro207,63955,000Pro15,91552,000Pro188,43411,000Pro4,551
Icelandx2,941x1,604x275x1,062xx
Norways15,218Pro42,6956,935Pro22,0493,203Pro6,900s4,960Pro13,746s120x
Switzerlandxxxxx909xxxx
Japans668,939xs376,474x53,929xs222,565x15,971x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-01-03
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