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Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2014
Pro2,755,636
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2014
Pro47,236
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
1982
2014
European Union (28 countries)xPro2,755,636xPro1,491,863xPro369,070xPro871,767xPro22,935
   AustriaxPro67,135xPro47,077xPro2,574xPro17,082xPro402
   Belgium33,042Pro68,70118,799Pro38,7871,357Pro6,04711,023Pro23,5481,864Pro319
   BulgariaxPro19,131xPro5,230xPro8,711xPro5,064xPro126
   Croatiax10,027x2,489x3,356x4,181xx
   CyprusxPro1,260xPro255xPro215xPro590xPro200
   Czech RepublicxPro64,443xPro35,777xPro11,859xPro16,525xPro282
   Denmark17,235Pro58,7459,404Pro36,0553,545Pro1,5394,116Pro20,862170Pro289
   EstoniaxPro5,806xPro1,808x800x3,103x96
   Finlandx52,130x29,634x5,880x16,034x583
   France258,937Pro422,452132,228Pro252,25066,446Pro50,87655,865Pro111,7004,398Pro7,626
   GermanyxPro600,700xPro371,000xPro98,500xPro131,200xx
   GreecexPro43,059xPro7,750xPro10,818xPro23,973xPro518
   Hungary49,23637,32930,92122,17710,3697,2157,9467,937xx
   Ireland4,960s25,0291,549s17,8212,214s8521,120s6,35677x
   Italy105,927Pro246,42349,900Pro126,94721,036Pro40,04734,991Pro73,574xPro5,855
   LatviaxPro5,739xPro1,382xPro1,180xPro3,177xx
   Lithuaniax11,283x2,799x2,224x6,260xx
   LuxembourgxPro5,061xPro2,976xPro1,209xPro876x0
   MaltaxPro1,586xPro1,097xPro32xPro456xPro0
   Netherlands57,450Pro123,09627,140Pro77,13312,740Pro13,26316,030Pro32,7001,540x
   PolandxPro104,42551,000Pro37,31810,300Pro22,61417,500Pro44,304xPro188
   Portugal8,553Pro47,2361,891Pro16,7194,054Pro1,9982,330Pro27,687278Pro832
   Romaniax31,391x10,437x11,866x8,966x122
   Slovakiax17,594x4,133x4,147x9,297x17
   SloveniaxPro14,866xPro9,696xPro2,490xPro2,667xPro13
   Spains35,530Pro199,58312,914Pro86,99210,594Pro38,76412,022Pro73,428xPro399
   SwedenxPro83,473xPro57,307xPro3,404xPro22,410xPro352
   United Kingdom308,000Pro387,934191,000Pro188,81855,000Pro16,58952,000Pro177,81011,000Pro4,717
Icelandxxxxxxx1,232xx
Norways15,218Pro40,3636,935Pro20,7033,203Pro6,650s4,960Pro13,010s120x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans668,939xs376,474x53,929xs222,565x15,971x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-03-21
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