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Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro2,848,841.0
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2015
Pro48,478.0
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553.0
Full-time Equival...
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1982
2015
1982
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro2,848,841.0xPro1,550,957.0
   AustriaxPro69,318.0xPro48,608.0
   Belgium33,042.0Pro77,864.018,799.0Pro43,406.0
   BulgariaxPro22,421.0xPro9,409.0
   Croatiax10,645.0x2,714.0
   CyprusxPro1,245.0xPro260.0
   Czech RepublicxPro66,433.0xPro36,365.0
   Denmark17,235.0s60,030.09,404.0s35,935.0
   EstoniaxPro5,464.0xPro1,694.0
   Finlandx50,367.0x29,770.0
   France258,937.0x132,228.0x
   GermanyxPro613,740.0xs379,140.0
   GreecexPro50,512.0xPro8,128.0
   Hungary49,236.036,847.030,921.021,030.0
   Ireland4,960.0Pro29,444.01,549.0Pro18,293.0
   Italy105,927.0Pro248,140.049,900.0Pro128,563.0
   LatviaxPro5,570.0xPro1,145.0
   LithuaniaxPro10,523.0xPro2,630.0
   LuxembourgxPro5,593.0xPro3,129.0
   MaltaxPro1,391.0xPro886.0
   Netherlands57,450.0Pro128,327.027,140.0Pro80,063.0
   Polandx123,347.051,000.056,152.0
   Portugal8,553.0Pro48,478.01,891.0Pro18,126.0
   Romaniax31,331.0x10,128.0
   Slovakiax17,591.0x4,405.0
   SloveniaxPro14,225.0xPro9,222.0
   Spains35,530.0200,866.012,914.087,432.0
   SwedenxPro84,523.0xPro58,748.0
   United Kingdom308,000.0Pro416,538.0191,000.0Pro207,639.0
Icelandx2,941.0x1,604.0
Norways15,218.0Pro42,695.06,935.0Pro22,049.0
Switzerlandxxxx
Japans668,939.0xs376,474.0x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-01-03
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