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Total personnel and researchers involved in research and development activities (R&D): full-time equivalent per thousand active persons - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2014
Pro11.3
Portugal
2014
Pro9.0
EU28
1986
 
(no values)
Portugal
1986
2.3
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
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Proportion - ‰
Groups/Countries
Total personnel in R&D per thousand active persons
Researchers in R&D per thousand of the active population
Years More years here
1986
2014
1986
2014
European Union (28 countries)xPro11.3xPro7.3
   AustriaxPro15.4xPro9.4
   Belgium9.1Pro13.84.0Pro9.4
   BulgariaxPro5.7xPro3.9
   Croatiax5.3x3.2
   CyprusxPro2.9xPro2.0
   Czech RepublicxPro12.2xPro6.8
   Denmark7.4Pro20.23.3Pro14.0
   EstoniaxPro8.6xPro6.4
   Finlandx19.5x14.3
   France11.4Pro14.44.4Pro9.2
   Germany-Pro14.3-Pro8.6
   Greece-Pro9.0-Pro6.2
   Hungary-8.4-5.9
   Ireland4.2s11.62.3s8.1
   Italy5.3Pro9.72.9Pro4.9
   LatviaxPro5.8xPro3.8
   Lithuaniax7.6x5.8
   Luxembourg-Pro19.4-Pro9.6
   MaltaxPro8.2xPro4.6
   Netherlands-Pro13.8xPro8.5
   PolandxPro6.0xPro4.5
   Portugal2.3Pro9.01.2Pro7.4
   Romaniax3.4x2.0
   Slovakiax6.5x5.4
   SloveniaxPro14.6xPro8.4
   Spains3.3Pro8.7s1.8Pro5.3
   SwedenxPro16.1xPro12.9
   United Kingdom10.6Pro11.94.9Pro8.4
Icelandx-x-
NorwayxPro14.8xPro10.8
Switzerland--x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2016-09-22
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