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Total personnel and researchers involved in research and development activities (R&D): full-time equivalent per thousand active persons - Europe

Indicator
EU28
2015
Pro11.7
Portugal
2015
Pro9.3
EU28
1986
 
(no values)
Portugal
1986
2.3
 
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Click the chart to see in detail
Proportion - ‰
Groups/Countries
Total personnel in R&D per thousand active persons
Researchers in R&D per thousand of the active population
Years More years here
1986
2015
1986
2015
European Union (28 countries)xPro11.7xPro7.5
   AustriaxPro15.8xPro9.6
   Belgium9.1Pro15.74.0Pro11.1
   BulgariaxPro6.7xPro4.3
   Croatiax5.6x3.4
   CyprusxPro2.9xPro2.0
   Czech RepublicxPro12.5xPro7.2
   Denmark7.4s20.53.3s14.3
   EstoniaxPro8.0xPro6.1
   Finlandx18.7x14.0
   France11.4-4.4-
   Germany-Pro14.6-Pro8.5
   Greece-Pro10.5-Pro7.3
   Hungary-8.2-5.6
   Ireland4.2Pro13.62.3Pro9.9
   Italy5.3Pro9.72.9Pro4.7
   LatviaxPro5.6xPro3.6
   LithuaniaxPro7.2xPro5.5
   Luxembourg-Pro20.3-Pro10.4
   MaltaxPro7.1xPro4.2
   Netherlands-Pro14.4xPro8.6
   Polandx7.1x5.6
   Portugal2.3Pro9.31.2Pro7.6
   Romaniax3.4x1.9
   Slovakiax6.4x5.3
   SloveniaxPro14.1xPro7.8
   Spains3.38.8s1.85.3
   SwedenxPro16.2xPro13.1
   United Kingdom10.6Pro12.74.9Pro8.8
Icelandx15.4x10.2
NorwayxPro15.5xPro11.2
Switzerland--x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-01-03
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