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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science (PPS)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
 
(no values)
Portugal
2018
Pro3,285.7
PPS - Millions
EU27 (2020)
2005
 
(no values)
Portugal
2005
1,536.9
PPS - Millions
Operations
Options
 
PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Not specified
Not specified
Years More years here
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
2005
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Austrias5,811.3Pro11,032.4x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Belgium5,291.2Pro11,494.7x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Bulgaria296.6Pro837.898.9-82.2-12.8-54.6-28.3-19.7-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Croatia480.0Pro776.6115.3-185.5-33.9-47.7-52.3-45.3-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Cyprus64.0Pro130.022.0-11.6-3.1-11.9-10.5-5.0-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Czech Republic2,226.5Pro5,767.5609.4-1,162.8-197.6-102.6-84.2-70.0-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Denmark3,765.1Pro6,932.9x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Estonia175.7Pro472.736.3-18.9-10.3-8.3-11.6-11.1-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Finland4,750.25,196.0x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   France33,600.1s47,329.1x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Germany54,420.4s97,649.4x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Greece1,383.0Pro2,647.2x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Hungary1,348.83,299.7294.7-576.7-119.6-110.7-113.2-84.3-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Ireland1,705.53,278.9x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Italy15,504.2Pro24,928.2x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Latvia139.6Pro264.182.8-17.2-4.9-21.8-7.7-5.1-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Lithuania306.6Pro614.2x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Luxembourg423.9Pro590.9x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Malta40.480.37.5-14.6-8.9-1.2-5.2-1.8-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Netherlands9,258.2Pro14,874.1x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Poland2,537.1Pro10,220.3627.9-1,193.0-258.5-216.0-164.7-77.1-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Portugal1,536.9Pro3,285.7278.5-721.3-167.7-131.4-159.0-79.0-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Romania718.01,965.0115.6-390.1-82.1-83.1-40.5-6.5-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Slovakia374.91,089.3108.6-157.9-34.4-37.3-26.5-10.2-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Slovenia575.0Pro1,086.6101.8-271.2-127.0-23.4-27.8-23.9-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Spain11,263.5Pro15,555.9x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
   Sweden8,829.812,698.6x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
United Kingdom26,043.5Pro36,933.0x-x-x-x-x-x-192,870.0Pro321,030.8
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-01-31
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