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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science (PPS)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro287,829.3
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2016
Pro2,936.1
PPS - Millions
EU28
2005
192,686.5
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2005
1,536.5
PPS - Millions
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PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
2005
2016
European Union (28 countries)192,686.5Pro287,829.3xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Austrias5,809.6Pro10,002.8xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Belgium5,289.7Pro9,604.3xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Bulgaria296.5Pro790.398.9x82.2x12.8x54.6x28.3x19.7x
   Croatia479.9Pro610.3115.3x185.4x33.9x47.7x52.3x45.3x
   Cyprus64.0Pro102.922.0x11.6x3.1x11.9x10.5x5.0x
   Czech Republic2,225.9Pro4,556.0609.2x1,162.4x197.5x102.5x84.2x70.0x
   Denmark3,764.0s5,996.4xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Estonia175.6365.536.3x18.9x10.3x8.3x11.6x11.1x
   Finland4,749.04,790.7xxxxxxxxxxxx
   France33,590.8xxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Germany54,273.7s86,892.8xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Greece1,382.6Pro2,074.6xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Hungary1,348.42,338.2294.6x576.6x119.6x110.6x113.1x84.3x
   Ireland1,705.0s2,933.7xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Italy15,501.1Pro21,858.3xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Latvia139.5164.182.8x17.2x4.9x21.8x7.7x5.1x
   Lithuania306.5Pro464.5xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Luxembourg423.8Pro549.2xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Malta40.4Pro74.27.5x14.6x8.9x1.2x5.2x1.8x
   Netherlands9,255.5Pro12,983.9xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Poland2,536.4x627.7x1,192.6x258.4x216.0x164.6x77.0x
   Portugal1,536.5Pro2,936.1278.5x721.1x167.7x131.3x158.9x79.0x
   Romania717.81,637.6115.6x390.1x82.1x83.1x40.5x6.5x
   Slovakia374.7962.8108.5x157.9x34.4x37.3x26.5x10.2x
   Slovenia574.9Pro1,010.6101.8x271.1x127.0x23.4x27.8x23.8x
   Spain11,259.8Pro14,736.4xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Sweden8,827.5Pro11,672.6xxxxxxxxxxxx
   United Kingdom26,037.2Pro34,961.0xxxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-11-27
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