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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science (PPS)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro296,946.8
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2019
Pro3,604.0
PPS - Millions
EU27 (2020)
2005
166,856.9
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2005
1,537.1
PPS - Millions
Operations
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PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2005
2019
2005
2019
2005
2019
2005
2019
2005
2019
2005
2019
2005
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)166,856.9Pro296,946.8x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Austrias5,812.4Pro11,424.1x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Belgium5,292.2Pro12,463.3x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Bulgaria296.6Pro989.898.9-82.3-12.8-54.6-28.3-19.7-
   Croatia480.1Pro928.9115.3-185.5-34.0-47.7-52.3-45.3-
   Cyprus64.0Pro158.422.0-11.6-3.1-11.9-10.5-5.0-
   Czech Republic2,226.9Pro6,136.3609.5-1,163.0-197.6-102.6-84.2-70.0-
   Denmark3,765.7Pro7,080.7x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Estonia175.7Pro569.036.4-18.9-10.3-8.3-11.6-11.1-
   Finland4,751.15,420.6x-x-x-x-x-x-
   France33,606.3s49,694.6x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Germany54,431.0s101,440.3x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Greece1,383.1Pro2,869.1x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Hungary1,349.03,408.2294.7-576.8-119.6-110.7-113.2-84.3-
   Ireland1,705.72,380.6x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Italy15,507.3Pro26,422.1x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Latvia139.6Pro269.882.8-17.2-4.9-21.8-7.7-5.1-
   Lithuania306.7Pro727.8x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Luxembourg424.0Pro613.0x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Malta40.4Pro96.87.5-14.6-8.9-1.2-5.2-1.8-
   Netherlands9,259.9Pro15,271.5x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Poland2,537.6Pro11,837.7628.0-1,193.2-258.5-216.1-164.7-77.1-
   Portugal1,537.1Pro3,604.0278.6-721.4-167.8-131.4-159.0-79.0-
   Romania718.12,043.9115.6-390.2-82.1-83.1-40.5-6.5-
   Slovakia374.91,051.6108.6-158.0-34.4-37.3-26.5-10.2-
   Slovenia575.1Pro1,196.6101.8-271.2-127.0-23.4-27.8-23.9-
   Spain11,264.8Pro15,532.1x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Sweden8,831.4Pro13,316.0x-x-x-x-x-x-
United Kingdom26,046.6Pro39,154.4x-x-x-x-x-x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-12-03
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