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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (Euro)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
Pro295,109.6
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Portugal
2018
Pro2,753.1
Euros (from 1/1/1...
EU27 (2020)
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
83.9
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Operations
Options
 
Euro (from 1/1/1999) / ECU (up to 31/12/1998) - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)xPro295,109.6xPro195,878.3xPro33,567.6xPro64,008.8xPro1,654.9
   Austrias826.8Pro12,246.0xPro8,556.6xPro874.9xPro2,747.7xPro66.8
   BelgiumxPro12,709.6945.7Pro8,964.9xPro1,206.9xPro2,462.6xPro75.2
   BulgariaxPro423.2xPro304.1xPro93.5xPro23.1xPro2.5
   CroatiaxPro501.8xPro241.0xPro100.0xPro160.8xx
   CyprusxPro115.8xPro42.7xPro11.1xPro48.5xPro13.5
   Czech RepublicxPro4,006.5xPro2,481.9xPro655.1xPro860.6xPro8.9
   Denmark648.8Pro9,139.4336.4Pro5,873.7141.5Pro274.5165.8Pro2,963.65.2Pro27.5
   EstoniaxPro365.7xPro154.8xPro41.8xPro162.9xPro6.2
   Finlandx6,437.9x4,226.9x535.1x1,623.8x52.1
   France11,636.7s51,768.66,740.9s33,859.92,931.1s6,473.41,854.9s10,613.8109.8s821.5
   Germanys17,138.0s104,768.0s12,045.7s72,101.0s2,230.314,100.0s2,777.8s18,567.0s84.2x
   GreecexPro2,174.7xPro1,049.5xPro485.0xPro618.6xPro21.6
   Hungaryx2,051.4x1,550.8x223.1x260.7xx
   Ireland141.53,715.061.7s2,778.055.6159.022.7778.01.5x
   Italy3,713.2Pro24,581.72,107.8Pro15,254.4915.8Pro3,113.9689.6Pro5,781.8xPro431.6
   LatviaxPro186.2xPro46.3xPro42.4xPro97.5xx
   LithuaniaxPro396.8xPro148.8xPro84.8xPro153.2xx
   LuxembourgxPro727.4xPro406.0xs173.3xs148.1xx
   Maltax67.8x40.1x0.9x26.8xx
   Netherlands2,786.7Pro16,748.21,437.4Pro11,230.0538.7Pro968.2741.8Pro4,550.068.9x
   PolandxPro6,018.5xPro3,977.7xPro117.0xPro1,905.8xPro18.0
   Portugal83.9Pro2,753.126.2Pro1,397.636.6Pro156.117.3Pro1,155.03.8Pro44.3
   Romaniax1,024.8x608.1x313.9x100.5x2.3
   Slovakiax750.9x406.1x159.4x182.3x3.2
   SloveniaxPro892.4xPro662.1xPro120.9xPro106.4xPro3.0
   Spain892.614,946.0435.78,445.0256.82,515.0200.13,946.0x39.0
   Swedenx15,592.4x11,051.6x565.3x3,957.8x17.6
United KingdomxPro41,270.5xPro28,530.6xPro2,521.8xPro9,301.5xPro917.8
Icelandx444.9x286.2x18.5x140.2x0.0
Norways784.5Pro7,625.1428.3Pro3,957.4141.1Pro1,041.9s211.3Pro2,625.83.8x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-03-20
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