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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (Euro)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro317,084.2
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Portugal
2017
2,585.1
Euros (from 1/1/1...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
83.9
Euros (from 1/1/1...
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Euro (from 1/1/1999) / ECU (up to 31/12/1998) - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro317,084.2xPro209,196.6xPro35,557.9xPro69,956.6xPro2,373.1
   Austrias826.8Pro11,679.3xPro8,199.6xPro827.5xPro2,595.1xPro57.1
   BelgiumxPro11,336.4945.7Pro7,710.9xPro1,255.3xPro2,370.2xx
   Bulgariax388.7x273.1x90.1x22.2x3.3
   Croatiax423.5x205.0x94.5x124.0xx
   CyprusxPro108.7xPro39.7xPro10.8xPro45.3xPro12.9
   Czech Republicx3,433.3x2,157.9x591.9x673.9x9.6
   Denmark648.8Pro8,918.6336.4Pro5,766.1141.5Pro265.0165.8Pro2,860.95.2Pro26.6
   Estoniax304.3x143.6x35.8x120.6x4.3
   Finlandx6,173.2x4,028.3x527.1x1,567.2x50.6
   France11,636.7s50,158.96,740.9s32,579.32,931.1s6,349.51,854.9s10,400.8109.8s829.3
   Germanys17,138.0s99,052.2s12,045.7s68,644.0s2,230.313,300.0s2,777.8s17,108.2s84.2x
   GreecexPro2,038.5xPro994.0xPro451.2xPro576.9xPro16.4
   Hungaryx1,672.9x1,223.1x210.1x222.3xx
   Ireland141.53,091.361.72,184.555.6142.422.7764.41.5x
   Italy3,713.2Pro23,355.22,107.8Pro14,347.1915.8Pro2,964.2689.6Pro5,648.4xPro395.6
   Latviax137.9x37.5x36.0x64.4xx
   Lithuaniax373.6x134.1x105.8x133.6xx
   LuxembourgxPro694.6xPro374.9xs182.9xs136.8xx
   Maltax61.1x38.1x0.7x22.2xx
   Netherlands2,786.7Pro14,675.51,437.4Pro8,626.1538.7Pro1,674.4741.8Pro4,375.068.9x
   Polandx4,834.0x3,117.7x110.5x1,589.1x16.8
   Portugal83.92,585.126.21,303.536.6141.717.31,099.63.840.2
   Romaniax944.9x535.9x305.7x100.5x2.7
   Slovakiax749.0x405.3x155.8x184.8x3.0
   SloveniaxPro801.1xPro598.4xPro110.7xPro89.9xPro2.1
   Spain892.6Pro14,052.0435.7Pro7,717.0256.8Pro2,495.0200.1Pro3,809.0xPro30.0
   Swedenx16,142.1x11,513.4x584.5x4,025.0x19.2
   United KingdomxPro38,898.1xPro26,286.1xPro2,536.8xPro9,222.1xPro853.2
Icelandx456.8x293.8x19.1x143.9x0.0
Norways784.57,416.7428.33,901.9141.11,014.5s211.32,500.53.8x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japan26,806.4138,207.416,583.9108,901.42,763.610,799.26,324.916,602.31,134.01,904.5
United States of America82,847.7480,879.058,350.5351,477.414,782.646,816.07,760.0Pro62,694.51,954.619,892.0
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-09-30
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