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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (Euro)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro317,957.2
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Portugal
2017
Pro2,562.7
Euros (from 1/1/1...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
83.9
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Operations
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Euro (from 1/1/1999) / ECU (up to 31/12/1998) - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro317,957.2xPro208,873.2xPro35,742.3xPro71,009.5xx
   Austrias826.8Pro11,679.3xPro8,199.6xPro827.5xPro2,595.1xPro57.1
   BelgiumxPro11,336.4945.7Pro7,710.9xPro1,255.3xPro2,370.2xx
   BulgariaxPro388.7xPro273.1xPro90.1xPro22.2xPro3.3
   CroatiaxPro419.8xPro209.6xPro94.1xPro116.1xx
   CyprusxPro108.7xPro39.7xPro10.8xPro45.3xPro12.9
   Czech Republicx3,433.3x2,157.9x591.9x673.9x9.6
   Denmark648.8Pro8,947.7336.4Pro5,766.1141.5Pro199.0165.8Pro2,951.05.2Pro31.6
   Estoniaxxxxx35.8x120.6x4.3
   Finlandx6,173.2x4,028.3x527.1x1,567.2x50.6
   France11,636.7x6,740.9x2,931.1x1,854.9x109.8x
   Germanys17,138.0s99,052.2s12,045.7s68,644.0s2,213.913,300.0s2,777.8s17,108.2s84.2x
   GreecexPro2,033.0xPro990.8xPro448.1xPro577.7xPro16.4
   Hungaryx1,672.9x1,223.1x210.1x222.3xx
   Ireland141.53,091.361.72,184.555.6142.422.7764.41.5x
   Italy3,713.2Pro23,355.22,107.8Pro14,347.1915.8Pro2,964.2689.6Pro5,648.4xPro395.6
   LatviaxPro137.9xPro37.5xPro36.0xPro64.4xx
   Lithuaniax371.7x132.3x105.8x133.6xx
   LuxembourgxPro694.6xPro374.9xs182.9xs136.8xx
   Maltax61.1x38.1x0.7x22.2xx
   Netherlands2,786.7Pro14,675.51,437.4Pro8,626.1538.7Pro1,674.4741.8Pro4,375.068.9x
   Polandx4,829.8x3,114.5x109.4x1,589.1x16.8
   Portugal83.9Pro2,562.726.2Pro1,295.236.6Pro135.317.3Pro1,091.93.8Pro40.2
   Romaniax944.9x535.9x305.7x100.5x2.7
   Slovakiax749.0x405.3x155.8x184.8x3.0
   SloveniaxPro801.1xPro598.4xPro110.7xPro89.9xPro2.1
   Spain892.6...435.7...256.8...200.1...x...
   Swedenx15,811.0x11,159.8x584.6x4,066.6xx
   United KingdomxPro38,898.1xPro26,286.1xPro2,536.8xPro9,222.1xPro853.2
Icelandx461.7x298.8x19.1x143.9x0.0
Norways784.5Pro7,474.3428.3Pro3,966.2141.1Pro1,016.4s211.3Pro2,491.73.8x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans26,806.4xs16,583.9x2,763.6xs6,324.9x1,134.0x
United States of America82,847.7x58,350.5x14,782.6x7,760.0x1,954.6x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-20
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