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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (Euro)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro306,335.1
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Portugal
2019
Pro2,986.6
Euros (from 1/1/1...
EU27 (2020)
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
83.9
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Operations
Options
 
Euro (from 1/1/1999) / ECU (up to 31/12/1998) - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2019
1982
2019
1982
2019
1982
2019
1982
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)xPro306,335.1xPro203,264.5xPro35,104.2xPro66,255.6xPro1,710.9
   Germanys17,138.0s109,322.2s12,045.7s75,563.4s2,230.314,800.0s2,777.8s18,958.8s84.2x
   Austrias826.8Pro12,688.8xPro8,866.0xPro906.6xPro2,847.1xPro69.2
   BelgiumxPro13,760.7945.7Pro9,706.0xPro1,323.4xPro2,644.0xPro87.3
   BulgariaxPro512.4xPro344.2xPro127.5xPro37.5xPro3.2
   CyprusxPro139.7xPro57.0xPro11.2xPro56.5xPro15.0
   CroatiaxPro600.8xPro294.2xPro112.2xPro194.3xx
   Denmark648.8Pro9,245.4336.4Pro5,824.9141.5Pro263.3165.8Pro3,124.75.2Pro32.4
   Slovakiax776.6x425.8x154.9x195.6x0.2
   SloveniaxPro989.3xPro729.8xPro136.6xPro116.7xPro6.1
   Spain892.6Pro14,229.0435.7Pro7,729.0256.8Pro2,515.0200.1Pro3,946.0xPro39.0
   EstoniaxPro453.0xPro241.5xPro46.4xPro159.8xPro5.3
   Finlandx6,715.1x4,407.9x543.1x1,704.6x59.5
   France11,636.7s53,158.36,740.9s34,916.52,931.1s6,605.91,854.9s10,801.1109.8s834.8
   GreecexPro2,336.6xPro1,073.2xPro527.1xPro716.6xPro19.8
   Hungaryx2,158.6x1,620.9x215.8x306.5xx
   Ireland141.52,771.361.7Pro1,803.855.6164.522.7803.11.5x
   Italy3,713.2Pro25,909.62,107.8Pro16,233.6915.8Pro3,283.7689.6Pro5,964.1xPro428.1
   LatviaxPro195.1xPro51.2xPro36.9xPro107.0xx
   LithuaniaxPro483.9xPro208.1xPro99.1xPro176.8xx
   LuxembourgxPro757.0xPro382.3xPro208.7xPro165.9xx
   MaltaxPro81.5xPro51.1xPro0.7xPro29.7xx
   Netherlands2,786.7Pro17,524.01,437.4Pro11,847.0538.7Pro1,002.0741.8Pro4,675.068.9Pro0.0
   PolandxPro7,046.2xPro4,427.6xPro89.4xPro2,508.2xPro21.0
   Portugal83.9Pro2,986.626.2Pro1,569.036.6Pro152.117.3Pro1,208.83.8Pro56.7
   Czech RepublicxPro4,348.3xPro2,680.5xPro707.9xPro947.7xPro12.3
   Romaniax1,067.4x617.0x339.3x108.9x2.2
   SwedenxPro16,077.9x11,582.8x729.0xPro3,747.3xPro18.8
Icelandxxxxxxxxxx
Norways784.5Pro7,999.0428.3Pro4,118.4141.1Pro991.3s211.3Pro2,889.33.8x
United KingdomxPro44,364.3xPro30,177.7xPro2,922.1xPro10,239.2xPro1,024.2
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-12-03
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