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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (Euro)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro302,929.0
Euros (from 1/1/1...
Portugal
2016
Pro2,347.7
Euros (from 1/1/1...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
83.9
Euros (from 1/1/1...
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Euro (from 1/1/1999) / ECU (up to 31/12/1998) - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
European Union (28 countries)xPro302,929.0xPro196,684.3xPro33,921.5xPro69,701.7xPro2,621.5
   Austrias826.8Pro10,906.1xPro7,789.1xPro499.8xPro2,563.9xPro53.3
   BelgiumxPro10,517.7945.7Pro7,331.4xPro999.9xPro2,121.1xPro65.3
   Bulgariax375.4x275.0x79.6x19.6x1.1
   Croatiax392.3x176.2x85.4x130.8xx
   CyprusxPro91.4xPro30.1xPro10.5xPro38.5xPro12.3
   Czech RepublicxPro2,963.3xPro1,811.8xPro538.2xPro606.0xPro7.3
   Denmark648.8s7,967.4336.4s5,244.1141.5s174.9165.8s2,520.75.2s27.8
   Estoniax270.3x139.2x30.9x96.1x4.2
   Finlandx5,926.1x3,901.7x483.4x1,489.8x51.2
   France11,636.7Pro50,099.36,740.9Pro31,865.82,931.1Pro6,453.81,854.9Pro10,999.2109.8Pro780.5
   Germanys17,138.0s92,419.2s12,045.762,826.0s2,213.912,700.0s2,777.816,893.2s84.2x
   Greecex1,754.2x740.4x438.8x559.4x15.6
   Hungaryx1,371.7x1,016.9x184.0x152.9xx
   Ireland141.5s3,242.961.7s2,292.855.6133.522.7816.61.5x
   Italy3,713.2Pro21,611.32,107.8Pro12,590.0915.8Pro2,855.0689.6Pro5,519.0xPro647.2
   Latviax110.4x27.0x35.1x48.3xx
   Lithuaniax327.6x114.6x85.5x127.6xx
   LuxembourgxPro659.2xPro339.3x196.9x122.9xx
   MaltaxPro60.9xPro38.6xPro0.7xPro21.6xx
   Netherlands2,786.7Pro14,281.01,437.4Pro8,132.0538.7Pro1,649.0741.8Pro4,500.068.9x
   PolandxPro4,112.3xPro2,700.4xPro103.4xPro1,290.4xPro18.1
   Portugal83.9Pro2,347.726.2Pro1,123.236.6Pro126.617.3Pro1,059.33.8Pro38.6
   Romaniax818.4x451.7x272.2x92.6x1.9
   Slovakiax640.8x322.7x137.4x177.6x3.1
   SloveniaxPro809.2xPro611.9xPro109.1xPro88.0xPro0.2
   Spain892.613,260.0435.77,126.0256.82,453.0200.13,649.0x32.0
   SwedenxPro15,141.4xPro10,535.6xPro515.5xPro4,060.9xPro29.4
   United KingdomxPro40,451.5x27,119.0x2,567.4xPro9,932.9xPro832.2
Icelandx381.1x240.2x18.5x122.4x0.0
Norways784.56,818.2428.33,632.0141.1965.0s211.32,221.23.8x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans26,806.4xs16,583.9x2,763.6xs6,324.9x1,134.0x
United States of America82,847.7x58,350.5x14,782.6x7,760.0x1,954.6x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-07-11
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