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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (PPS)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
285,391.5
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2018
3,319.0
PPS - Millions
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
627.4
PPS - Millions
Operations
Options
 
PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)x285,391.5x188,558.1x33,076.1x62,154.0xs1,603.3
   Austrias2,422.4Pro11,069.3xPro7,734.4xPro790.9xPro2,483.7xPro60.3
   Belgium3,151.0Pro11,451.22,245.9Pro8,077.2151.6Pro1,087.4709.6Pro2,218.844.0Pro67.8
   Bulgaria233.8834.5115.5600.198.9184.119.445.4x4.9
   CroatiaxPro774.8xPro372.1xPro154.5xPro248.2xx
   CyprusxPro131.7xPro48.6xPro12.6xPro55.2xPro15.4
   Czech Republic1,054.0Pro5,746.4685.8Pro3,559.8278.8Pro939.589.4Pro1,234.4xPro12.7
   Denmark1,786.5Pro6,971.91,025.2Pro4,480.7303.9Pro209.4438.2Pro2,260.719.3Pro21.0
   EstoniaxPro468.1xPro198.231.4Pro53.512.4Pro208.5xPro7.9
   Finland1,854.05,203.61,172.13,416.5308.6432.5362.41,312.510.942.1
   France23,307.5s47,459.314,213.2s31,041.34,892.2s5,934.53,893.7s9,730.3308.5s753.1
   Germany34,549.2s98,133.522,902.667,491.35,351.313,262.26,295.4s17,380.0xx
   Greece572.2Pro2,659.8168.7Pro1,283.6145.8Pro593.1253.5Pro756.64.1Pro26.5
   Hungary563.53,282.4244.72,481.5144.1356.9139.5417.1xx
   Irelands704.33,269.8493.42,443.763.2139.5s143.9686.6s5.3x
   Italy9,991.3Pro24,968.75,336.1Pro15,494.62,111.0Pro3,162.92,544.1Pro5,872.8xPro438.4
   Latvia49.7262.414.065.323.559.812.3137.4xx
   Lithuania77.6Pro655.6xPro274.2xPro145.8xPro235.6xx
   LuxembourgxPro596.3xPro332.8xs142.1xs121.4xx
   MaltaxPro84.0xPro51.2xPro1.1xPro31.8xx
   Netherlands5,554.0Pro14,883.32,894.7Pro9,979.61,005.3Pro860.41,599.9Pro4,043.454.1x
   Poland1,541.310,139.5597.06,701.3538.9197.1405.43,210.80.030.3
   Portugal627.43,319.0131.21,707.5169.5176.2232.41,381.794.253.6
   Romania785.21,981.4609.01,175.8156.3606.920.0194.3x4.4
   Slovakia353.81,031.1190.7557.6142.3218.820.7250.30.04.4
   Slovenias339.1Pro1,086.8158.0Pro806.485.5Pro147.3s93.6Pro129.52.1Pro3.6
   Spain4,192.416,332.62,022.09,228.5780.72,748.31,342.64,312.147.142.6
   Swedens5,307.612,594.3s3,959.38,935.8195.2455.51,144.73,188.88.414.2
United Kingdom16,548.9Pro36,847.310,750.0Pro25,472.82,410.1Pro2,251.53,179.7Pro8,304.6209.1Pro819.5
Iceland81.3288.325.9185.530.512.022.490.82.60.0
Norway1,474.55,135.4836.22,645.6254.7711.5383.71,778.3xx
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-03-27
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