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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector (PPS)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
285,391.5
PPS - Millions
Portugal
2018
3,319.0
PPS - Millions
EU27 (2020)
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
 
(no values)
Operations
Options
 
PPS - Millions
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-285,391.5-188,558.1------
   Austria-Pro11,069.3-Pro7,734.4------
   Belgium-Pro11,451.2-Pro8,077.2------
   Bulgaria-834.5-600.1------
   Croatia-Pro774.8-Pro372.1------
   Cyprus-Pro131.7-Pro48.6------
   Czech Republic-Pro5,746.4-Pro3,559.8------
   Denmark-Pro6,971.9-Pro4,480.7------
   Estonia-Pro468.1-Pro198.2------
   Finland-5,203.6-3,416.5------
   France-s47,459.3-s31,041.3------
   Germany-s98,133.5-67,491.3------
   Greece-Pro2,659.8-Pro1,283.6------
   Hungary-3,282.4-2,481.5------
   Ireland-3,269.8-2,443.7------
   Italy-Pro24,968.7-Pro15,494.6------
   Latvia-262.4-65.3------
   Lithuania-Pro655.6-Pro274.2------
   Luxembourg-Pro596.3-Pro332.8------
   Malta-Pro84.0-Pro51.2------
   Netherlands-Pro14,883.3-Pro9,979.6------
   Poland-10,139.5-6,701.3------
   Portugal-3,319.0-1,707.5------
   Romania-1,981.4-1,175.8------
   Slovakia-1,031.1-557.6------
   Slovenia-Pro1,086.8-Pro806.4------
   Spain-16,332.6-9,228.5------
   Sweden-12,594.3-8,935.8------
United Kingdom-Pro36,847.3-Pro25,472.8------
Iceland-288.3-185.5------
Norway-5,135.4-2,645.6------
Switzerland-x-x------
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-03-27
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