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EUROPE

Net lending or borrowing as a % of GDP: by institutional sector

Year
Indicator
EU28
2018
0.9
%
Portugal
2018
Pro1.2
%
EU28
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
-1.0
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Institutional sector
Total
Non-financial corporations
Financial corporations
General Government
Households
Non-profit institutions serving households
Years More years here
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
European Union (28 countries)-0.9--0.5-0.6--0.6----
   Austria-2.72.4-3.7-0.71.40.7-6.10.2-2.1-0.1
   Belgium4.9-1.01.1-1.41.00.3-4.5-0.87.00.90.20.0
   Bulgaria8.9--30.8-21.8--5.5-23.5-0.0-
   Croatia------------
   Cyprus-1.0Pro-3.92.1Pro-5.27.4Pro11.2-0.7Pro-4.5-9.7Pro-5.20.0Pro-0.2
   Czech Republic-3.40.7-7.2-2.02.30.4-12.40.914.01.40.10.0
   Denmark0.75.72.52.02.81.1-3.60.6-1.01.90.10.1
   Estonia-5.4--16.1--1.5-1.0-10.9-0.1-
   Finland3.9-1.35.22.03.31.2-5.9-0.81.2-3.50.1-0.2
   France0.7Pro-0.50.3Pro-0.42.4Pro0.0-5.1Pro-2.53.1Pro2.40.0Pro0.0
   Germany-1.47.54.80.20.2-0.2-9.41.9-5.4-0.3
   GreecePro-2.3-Pro-1.5-Pro7.9-Pro-9.6-Pro3.3-Pro-2.4-
   Hungary-3.62.1-3.80.32.11.0-8.6-2.36.72.9-0.10.2
   Ireland3.8-2.4-4.3--1.3-----
   Italy2.12.6-0.70.80.92.7-7.2-2.29.21.20.00.0
   Latvia-2.81.110.31.81.9-0.5-1.4-0.7-13.60.30.00.3
   Lithuania-9.71.8-5.85.20.50.6-1.50.6-2.8-4.6-0.10.1
   Luxembourg11.2-0.7-2.1-5.55.7-1.82.62.74.63.70.30.3
   Malta------------
   Netherlands6.0Pro11.18.9Pro6.73.4Pro1.4-8.7Pro1.52.2Pro1.40.1Pro0.1
   Poland1.7--3.9-1.4--4.2-8.4-0.0-
   Portugal-1.0Pro1.2-1.0Pro-3.21.2Pro3.0-5.2Pro-0.54.4Pro2.1-0.4Pro-0.2
   Romania-4.2Pro-3.2-2.3Pro5.6-1.5Pro1.1-2.0Pro-3.03.8Pro-6.6-2.2Pro-0.3
   Slovakia-0.6-1.3-3.6-1.32.50.3-3.5-1.04.40.6-0.40.0
   Slovenia-1.95.3-3.31.22.4-0.8-8.10.87.13.90.00.1
   SpainPro-0.3Pro2.4Pro5.2Pro2.2Pro1.0Pro2.7Pro-6.8Pro-2.5Pro0.0Pro-0.1Pro0.3Pro0.1
   Sweden2.32.44.2-4.42.60.1-7.00.81.95.80.60.1
   United Kingdom-0.7-4.51.0-2.0-3.1-0.9-5.1-2.25.80.70.6-0.1
Switzerland4.9-----------
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-11-06
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