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EUROPE

Net lending or borrowing as a % of GDP: by institutional sector

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
2.5
%
Portugal
2018
Pro1.2
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
-1.0
%
Operations
Options
 
Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Institutional sector
Total
Non-financial corporations
Financial corporations
General Government
Households
Non-profit institutions serving households
Rest of the world
Rest of the world
Years More years here
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-2.5-0.1-0.8-0.0----xx
   Austria-2.72.4-3.7-0.71.40.7-6.10.2-2.1-0.1-1.0
   Belgium4.9-1.01.1-1.31.00.2-4.5-0.77.10.90.20.0-1.0
   Bulgaria8.9--30.6-21.6--5.5-23.4-0.0--1.0
   Croatia-------------1.0
   Cyprus-1.0Pro-3.82.1Pro-5.17.4Pro11.0-0.7Pro-4.4-9.7Pro-5.10.0Pro-0.2-1.0
   Czech Republic-3.40.8-7.2-2.12.30.4-12.41.114.01.40.10.0-1.0
   Denmark0.77.02.52.82.81.8-3.60.5-1.01.90.10.1-1.0
   Estonia-5.3--15.7--1.5-0.9-10.6-0.1--1.0
   Finland3.9-1.35.22.03.31.2-5.9-0.81.2-3.50.1-0.2-1.0
   France0.7Pro-0.50.3Pro-0.42.4Pro0.0-5.1Pro-2.53.1Pro2.40.0Pro0.0-1.0
   Germany-1.47.54.80.20.2-0.2-9.41.9-5.4-0.3-1.0
   Greece-2.3Pro-0.3-1.5Pro2.57.9Pro2.2-9.6Pro1.0Pro3.3-Pro-2.4--1.0
   Hungary-3.62.1-3.80.32.11.0-8.6-2.36.72.8-0.10.2-1.0
   Ireland3.8-5.83.3-7.93.71.1-2.10.0-----1.0
   Italy2.12.6-0.70.80.92.7-7.2-2.29.21.20.00.0-1.0
   Latvia-2.81.110.41.81.9-0.5-1.4-0.7-13.60.30.00.3-1.0
   Lithuania-9.71.8-5.85.20.50.6-1.50.6-2.8-4.6-0.10.1-1.0
   Luxembourg11.2-0.7-2.1-5.45.7-1.82.62.64.63.60.30.3-1.0
   Malta-------1.9-----1.0
   Netherlands6.0Pro11.18.9Pro6.73.4Pro1.4-8.7Pro1.52.2Pro1.40.1Pro0.1-1.0
   Poland1.7Pro0.8-3.9Pro2.41.4Pro0.9-4.2Pro-0.28.4-0.0--1.0
   Portugal-1.0Pro1.2-1.0Pro-3.11.2Pro2.9-5.2Pro-0.44.4Pro2.0-0.4Pro-0.2-1.0
   Romania-4.2Pro2.6-3.0Pro8.9-1.5Pro1.1-2.0Pro-2.93.8Pro-6.6-2.2Pro-0.3-1.0
   Slovakia-0.6-1.3-3.6-1.32.50.3-3.5-1.04.40.6-0.40.0-1.0
   Slovenia-1.95.3-3.31.22.4-0.8-8.10.87.13.90.00.1-1.0
   Spain-0.3Pro2.45.2Pro2.21.0Pro2.7-6.8Pro-2.50.0Pro-0.10.3Pro0.1-1.0
   Sweden2.32.74.2-3.32.6-0.6-7.00.81.95.80.60.1-1.0
United Kingdom-0.7-4.51.0-2.0-3.1-0.9-5.0-2.25.80.70.6-0.1-1.0
Switzerland4.9------------1.0
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-02-14
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