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EUROPE

Net lending or borrowing as a % of GDP: by institutional sector

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
2.5
%
Portugal
2018
Pro1.2
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
-1.0
%
Operations
Options
 
Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Institutional sector
Total
Non-financial corporations
Financial corporations
General Government
Households
Non-profit institutions serving households
Years More years here
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-2.5-0.1-0.8-0.0----
   Austria-2.72.4-3.7-0.71.40.7-6.10.2-2.1-0.1
   Belgium4.9-1.01.1-1.31.00.2-4.5-0.77.10.90.20.0
   Bulgaria8.9--30.6-21.6--5.5-23.4-0.0-
   Croatia------------
   Cyprus-1.0Pro-3.82.1Pro-5.17.4Pro11.0-0.7Pro-4.4-9.7Pro-5.10.0Pro-0.2
   Czech Republic-3.40.8-7.2-2.12.30.4-12.41.114.01.40.10.0
   Denmark0.77.02.52.82.81.8-3.60.5-1.01.90.10.1
   Estonia-5.3--15.7--1.5-0.9-10.6-0.1-
   Finland3.9-1.35.22.03.31.2-5.9-0.81.2-3.50.1-0.2
   France0.7Pro-0.50.3Pro-0.42.4Pro0.0-5.1Pro-2.53.1Pro2.40.0Pro0.0
   Germany-1.47.54.80.20.2-0.2-9.41.9-5.4-0.3
   Greece-2.3Pro-0.3-1.5Pro2.57.9Pro2.2-9.6Pro1.0Pro3.3-Pro-2.4-
   Hungary-3.62.1-3.80.32.11.0-8.6-2.36.72.8-0.10.2
   Ireland3.8-5.83.3-7.93.71.1-2.10.0----
   Italy2.12.6-0.70.80.92.7-7.2-2.29.21.20.00.0
   Latvia-2.81.110.41.81.9-0.5-1.4-0.7-13.60.30.00.3
   Lithuania-9.71.8-5.85.20.50.6-1.50.6-2.8-4.6-0.10.1
   Luxembourg11.2-0.7-2.1-5.45.7-1.82.62.64.63.60.30.3
   Malta-------1.9----
   Netherlands6.0Pro11.18.9Pro6.73.4Pro1.4-8.7Pro1.52.2Pro1.40.1Pro0.1
   Poland1.7Pro0.8-3.9Pro2.41.4Pro0.9-4.2Pro-0.28.4-0.0-
   Portugal-1.0Pro1.2-1.0Pro-3.11.2Pro2.9-5.2Pro-0.44.4Pro2.0-0.4Pro-0.2
   Romania-4.2Pro2.6-3.0Pro8.9-1.5Pro1.1-2.0Pro-2.93.8Pro-6.6-2.2Pro-0.3
   Slovakia-0.6-1.3-3.6-1.32.50.3-3.5-1.04.40.6-0.40.0
   Slovenia-1.95.3-3.31.22.4-0.8-8.10.87.13.90.00.1
   Spain-0.3Pro2.45.2Pro2.21.0Pro2.7-6.8Pro-2.50.0Pro-0.10.3Pro0.1
   Sweden2.32.74.2-3.32.6-0.6-7.00.81.95.80.60.1
United Kingdom-0.7-4.51.0-2.0-3.1-0.9-5.0-2.25.80.70.6-0.1
Switzerland4.9-----------
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-03-11
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