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EUROPE

Net lending or borrowing as a % of GDP: by institutional sector

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
1.2
%
Portugal
2017
Pro1.1
%
EU28
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
-0.9
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Institutional sector
Total
Non-financial corporations
Financial corporations
General Government
Households
Non-profit institutions serving households
Years More years here
1995
2017
1995
2017
1995
2017
1995
2017
1995
2017
1995
2017
European Union (28 countries)-1.2-0.4-0.6--0.9----
   Austria-2.72.0-3.70.21.40.8-6.1-0.8-1.6-0.1
   Belgium4.4-1.5-0.9--4.4-6.3-0.1-
   Bulgaria8.8--42.8-21.8--5.5-35.0-0.0-
   Croatia------------
   Cyprus-1.1-0.8-5.5--0.7--6.1--0.6-
   Czech Republic-3.40.8-7.2-1.92.30.8-12.41.614.00.30.10.0
   Denmark0.77.82.52.32.82.9-3.61.1-1.01.40.10.1
   Estonia-5.44.2-16.10.5-1.50.91.0-0.410.92.50.10.1
   Finland3.80.75.05.13.10.0-5.9-0.71.6-3.40.1-0.4
   France0.7Pro-0.60.3Pro-0.42.4Pro-0.1-5.1Pro-2.73.1Pro2.70.0Pro0.0
   Germany-1.38.04.62.60.5-0.7-9.41.0-4.8-0.3
   GreecePro-2.3-Pro-1.5-Pro7.9-Pro-9.6-Pro3.3-Pro-2.4-
   Hungary-3.04.3-4.32.02.21.0-8.6-2.27.82.7-0.10.9
   Ireland3.1-3.4-3.7--2.1-----
   Italy2.12.7-0.71.10.93.0-7.3-2.49.10.90.00.0
   Latvia-2.81.54.33.41.90.0-1.4-0.6-7.6-1.70.00.4
   Lithuania-9.72.1-5.86.20.50.3-1.50.5-2.8-4.9-0.10.0
   Luxembourg11.2--2.1-5.7-2.6-4.6-0.3-
   Malta-------3.5----
   Netherlands6.0Pro10.48.9Pro5.33.4Pro1.6-8.7Pro1.22.2Pro2.10.1Pro0.2
   Poland1.7--3.9-1.4--4.2-8.3-0.0-
   Portugal-0.9Pro1.1-0.6Pro-0.81.2Pro3.8-5.2Pro-3.04.1Pro1.2-0.4Pro-0.2
   Romania-4.2--2.7--1.6---4.4--2.3-
   Slovakia2.1-0.81.0-1.12.10.7-3.3-0.82.70.4-0.40.0
   Slovenia-1.96.3-3.12.02.7-0.6-8.20.16.84.5-0.20.2
   Spain-Pro2.2-Pro3.31.0Pro2.3-7.0Pro-3.1-Pro-0.5-Pro0.1
   Sweden3.33.64.3-4.02.30.1-7.01.63.05.50.60.3
   United Kingdom-0.7-3.81.0-0.3-3.1-0.6-5.1-1.95.9-1.20.60.1
Switzerland4.9-s-2.6-s1.9-s-1.9-----
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-26
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