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EUROPE

R&D personnel and researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and females

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro2,912,876
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2019
Pro62,517
Full-time Equival...
EU27 (2020)
2000
s1,725,105
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
R&D total personnel
R&D researchers
Total
Total
Females
Females
Years More years here
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)s1,725,105Pro2,912,876s959,367Pro1,846,371x-x-
   Germany484,734s733,007257,874s449,043x-x-
   AustriaxPro84,060xPro52,554x-x-
   Belgium53,391Pro96,15830,540Pro62,60614,692-7,786-
   Bulgaria15,259Pro26,3999,479Pro16,9408,106-4,354-
   Cyprus680Pro1,870303Pro1,255247-91-
   CroatiaxPro14,492xPro8,820x-x-
   Denmark37,693Pro60,638xPro42,378x-x-
   Slovakia15,22121,1969,95516,9776,823-3,867-
   Slovenia8,568Pro16,9844,336Pro10,5023,368-1,525-
   Spain120,618Pro216,89076,670Pro135,331x-x-
   Estonia3,710Pro6,4482,666Pro4,9921,815-1,109-
   Finland52,60451,494x39,984x-x-
   France327,466s463,738172,070s314,101x-x-
   GreecexPro54,833xPro40,084x-x-
   Hungary23,53456,94314,40639,295x-x-
   Ireland12,76237,3108,51625,906x-x-
   Italy150,066Pro355,36266,110Pro160,623x-x-
   Latvia5,449Pro5,9233,814Pro3,6322,803-1,880-
   Lithuania11,791Pro12,9417,777Pro9,5845,772-3,388-
   Luxembourg3,663Pro5,8921,646Pro3,158x-x-
   MaltaxPro1,612xPro96110-x-
   Netherlands91,313Pro160,23442,194Pro99,096x-x-
   Poland78,925Pro163,98555,174Pro120,75954,326-33,572-
   Portugals21,888Pro62,517s16,738Pro50,431x-s7,437-
   Czech Republic24,198Pro79,24513,852Pro42,5008,036-3,551-
   Romania33,89231,66520,47617,35015,808-8,785-
   SwedenxPro91,041xPro77,509x-x-
Icelands2,646xxxx-x-
United Kingdoms288,599Pro486,088s170,554Pro317,472x-x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-12-03
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