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EUROPE

R&D personnel and researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and females

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro3,045,484
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro54,091
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
R&D total personnel
R&D researchers
Total
Females
Total
Females
Years More years here
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,045,484x-xPro1,951,250x-
   AustriaxPro77,880x-xPro47,519x-
   Belgium53,391Pro83,44114,692-30,540Pro56,0677,786-
   Bulgaria15,259Pro23,2908,106-9,479Pro15,0944,354-
   CroatiaxPro11,853x-xPro7,856x-
   Cyprus680Pro1,485247-303Pro1,01591-
   Czech Republic24,19869,7368,036-13,85239,1813,551-
   Denmark37,693Pro62,911x-xPro45,277x-
   Estonia3,710x1,815-2,666x1,109-
   Finland52,60448,999x-x37,047x-
   France327,466xx-172,070xx-
   Germany484,734s681,552x-257,874s413,542x-
   GreecexPro48,226x-xPro35,185x-
   Hungary23,53440,432x-14,40628,426x-
   Ireland12,76230,316x-8,51620,421x-
   Italy150,066Pro291,516x-66,110Pro136,204x-
   Latvia5,449Pro5,3782,803-3,814Pro3,4821,880-
   Lithuania11,79111,4915,772-7,7778,6913,388-
   Luxembourg3,663Pro5,322x-1,646Pro2,732x-
   Maltax1,48110-x894x-
   Netherlands91,313Pro138,292x-42,194Pro85,300x-
   Poland78,925121,35854,326-55,17496,46033,572-
   Portugals21,888Pro54,091x-s16,738Pro44,322s7,437-
   Romania33,89232,58615,808-20,47617,5188,785-
   Slovakia15,22119,0116,823-9,95515,2263,867-
   Slovenia8,568Pro14,7133,368-4,336Pro9,2931,525-
   Spain120,618...x-76,670...x-
   Swedenx89,268x-x75,247x-
   United Kingdoms288,599Pro424,510x-s170,554Pro289,674x-
Icelands2,646xx-xxx-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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