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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
 
(no values)
Portugal
2018
Pro46,538
Full-time Equival...
EU27 (2020)
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s16,738
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Not specified
Not specified
Years More years here
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
   AustriaxPro50,975x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Belgium30,540Pro57,678x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Bulgaria9,479Pro16,4992,905-2,890-1,188-1,044-518-934-xPro2,081,788
   CroatiaxPro7,985x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Cyprus303Pro1,100107-37-14-36-74-34-xPro2,081,788
   Czech Republic13,852Pro41,1984,429-6,202-909-929-311-1,072-xPro2,081,788
   DenmarkxPro46,396x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Estonia2,666Pro4,968x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Finlandx37,891x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   France172,070s306,451x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Germany257,874s433,234x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   GreecexPro36,646x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Hungary14,40631,4302,428-4,535-1,599-1,099-1,584-2,445-xPro2,081,788
   Ireland8,51625,265x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Italy66,110Pro139,853x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Latvia3,814Pro3,6891,332-873-168-326-776-339-xPro2,081,788
   Lithuania7,777Pro8,773x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Luxembourg1,646Pro2,986x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Maltax851x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Netherlands42,194Pro95,611x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Poland55,174Pro117,78911,970-18,253-7,664-5,546-7,193-4,547-xPro2,081,788
   Portugals16,738Pro46,538s4,594-s4,502-s1,600-s1,522-s2,745-s1,047-xPro2,081,788
   Romania20,47617,2133,056-13,603-702-1,477-1,015-623-xPro2,081,788
   Slovakia9,95516,3372,739-3,282-1,134-692-1,634-474-xPro2,081,788
   Slovenia4,336Pro10,087853-1,770-491-264-788-170-xPro2,081,788
   Spain76,670140,120x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
   Swedenx75,151x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
United Kingdoms170,554Pro309,074x-x-x-x-x-x-xPro2,081,788
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-01-31
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