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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
1,774,369
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2018
47,652
Full-time Equival...
EU27 (2020)
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s16,738
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)x1,774,369x-x-x-x-x-x-
   AustriaxPro50,975x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Belgium30,540Pro57,678x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Bulgaria9,47916,5212,905-2,890-1,188-1,044-518-934-
   CroatiaxPro7,985x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Cyprus303Pro1,100107-37-14-36-74-34-
   Czech Republic13,852Pro41,1984,429-6,202-909-929-311-1,072-
   DenmarkxPro46,396x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Estonia2,666Pro4,968x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Finlandx37,891x-x-x-x-x-x-
   France172,070s306,451x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Germany257,874s433,817x-x-x-x-x-x-
   GreecexPro36,646x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Hungary14,40631,4302,428-4,535-1,599-1,099-1,584-2,445-
   Ireland8,51625,265x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Italy66,110Pro139,853x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Latvia3,8143,4561,332-873-168-326-776-339-
   Lithuania7,777Pro8,938x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Luxembourg1,646Pro2,986x-x-x-x-x-x-
   MaltaxPro855x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Netherlands42,194Pro95,611x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Poland55,174117,78911,970-18,253-7,664-5,546-7,193-4,547-
   Portugals16,73847,652s4,594-s4,502-s1,600-s1,522-s2,745-s1,047-
   Romania20,47617,2133,056-13,603-702-1,477-1,015-623-
   Slovakia9,95516,3372,739-3,282-1,134-692-1,634-474-
   Slovenia4,336Pro10,087853-1,770-491-264-788-170-
   Spain76,670140,120x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Swedenx75,151x-x-x-x-x-x-
United Kingdoms170,554Pro309,074x-x-x-x-x-x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-03-27
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