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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro1,951,250
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro44,322
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s16,738
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,951,250xxxxxxxxxxxx
   AustriaxPro47,519xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Belgium30,540Pro56,067xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Bulgaria9,479Pro15,0942,905x2,890x1,188x1,044x518x934x
   CroatiaxPro7,856xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Cyprus303Pro1,015107x37x14x36x74x34x
   Czech Republic13,85239,1814,42913,8786,20216,6479092,5809291,4693112,5761,0722,030
   DenmarkxPro45,277xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Estonia2,666xxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Finlandx37,047xxxxxxxxxxxx
   France172,070xxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Germany257,874s413,542xxxxxxxxxxxx
   GreecexPro35,185xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Hungary14,40628,4262,428x4,535x1,599x1,099x1,584x2,445x
   Ireland8,51620,421xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Italy66,110Pro136,204xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Latvia3,814Pro3,4821,332x873x168x326x776x339x
   Lithuania7,7778,691xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Luxembourg1,646Pro2,732xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Maltax894xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Netherlands42,194Pro85,300xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Poland55,17496,46011,970x18,253x7,664x5,546x7,193x4,547x
   Portugals16,738Pro44,322s4,594xs4,502xs1,600xs1,522xs2,745xs1,047x
   Romania20,47617,5183,056x13,603x702x1,477x1,015x623x
   Slovakia9,95515,2262,739x3,282x1,134x692x1,634x474x
   Slovenia4,336Pro9,293853x1,770x491x264x788x170x
   Spain76,670...xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Swedenx75,247xxxxxxxxxxxx
   United Kingdoms170,554Pro289,674xxxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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