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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro1,017,378
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2019
Pro19,283
Full-time Equival...
EU27 (2020)
2000
s441,710
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2000
s2,358
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
2000
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)s441,710Pro1,017,378x-x-x-x-x-x-
   AustriaxPro33,120x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Belgium16,684Pro35,518x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Bulgaria1,139Pro8,493169-755-121-79-11-4-
   CroatiaxPro2,188x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Cyprus77Pro42033-26-5-5-6-x-
   Czech Republic5,533Pro21,707867-3,960-340-286-30-50-
   DenmarkxPro24,044x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Estonia274Pro1,950x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Finlandx22,865x-x-x-x-x-x-
   France81,012s197,361x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Germanys153,120s272,943x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Greece3,234Pro10,252x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Hungary3,90122,80114-3,445-185-128-126-3-
   Ireland5,631Pro12,952x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Italy26,099Pro78,034x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Latvia995Pro758184-499-18-12-258-24-
   Lithuania288Pro3,101x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Luxembourg1,399Pro1,192x-x-x-x-x-x-
   MaltaxPro514x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Netherlands20,022Pro69,724x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Poland9,821Pro57,8921,050-8,198-58-469-41-5-
   Portugals2,358Pro19,283s124-s1,341-s53-s59-s71-s8-
   Romania12,6904,606369-10,936-119-1,266-x-x-
   Slovakia2,4204,216391-1,399-95-443-92-0-
   Slovenia1,380Pro6,37892-1,058-188-12-27-3-
   Spain20,869Pro49,571x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Swedenx55,498x-x-x-x-x-x-
United Kingdom85,737Pro133,038x-x-x-x-x-x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-12-03
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