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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro3,067,954
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
54,995
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,067,954xPro1,737,176xPro360,537xPro943,934xPro26,306
   AustriaxPro77,880xPro54,022xPro5,035xPro18,271xPro553
   Belgium33,042Pro83,44118,799Pro48,6151,357Pro8,36111,023Pro26,4651,864x
   Bulgariax23,290x10,735x7,990x4,414x151
   Croatiax11,778x3,365x3,058x5,354xx
   CyprusxPro1,485xPro390xPro240xPro655xPro200
   Czech Republicx69,736x39,968x13,689x15,803x276
   Denmark17,235Pro63,2439,404Pro38,9753,545Pro2,2564,116Pro21,742170Pro271
   Estoniax6,048x2,086x847x3,015x99
   Finlandx48,999x28,148x4,240x16,007x603
   France258,937s434,670132,228s258,67066,446s48,80055,865s119,3004,398s7,900
   Germanyxs681,552xs432,352x103,900xs145,300xx
   GreecexPro48,226xPro14,750xPro10,926xPro22,051xPro499
   Hungary49,23640,43230,92124,71910,3697,2717,9468,442xx
   Ireland4,96030,3161,54917,7012,2141,0511,12010,59077x
   Italy105,927Pro291,51649,900Pro166,11621,036Pro38,38934,991Pro80,715xPro6,296
   Latviax5,378x956x974x3,448xx
   Lithuaniax11,520x3,726x2,408x5,387xx
   LuxembourgxPro5,322xPro3,135x1,081x1,106xx
   Maltax1,481x970x29x483xx
   Netherlands57,450Pro138,29227,140Pro90,03712,740Pro14,85616,030Pro33,4001,540x
   Polandx144,10351,00072,96610,3004,59617,50065,325x1,215
   Portugal8,55354,9951,89122,0224,0542,2122,33030,078278683
   Romaniax32,586x11,525x12,500x8,416x145
   Slovakiax19,011x5,654x4,213x9,056x87
   SloveniaxPro14,713xPro9,946xPro2,323xPro2,395xPro49
   Spains35,530Pro215,71312,914Pro95,63610,594Pro40,28312,022Pro79,286xPro509
   Swedenx87,720x63,728x4,896x19,096xx
   United Kingdom308,000Pro424,510191,000Pro215,71355,000Pro13,99952,000Pro188,03611,000Pro6,762
Icelandx3,172x1,799x277x1,096x0
Norways15,21846,2356,93523,7673,2036,793s4,96015,675s120x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-09-30
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