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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro2,927,324
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2016
Pro50,912
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
European Union (28 countries)xPro2,927,324xPro1,607,301xPro370,321xPro923,800xPro25,902
   AustriaxPro73,643xPro52,124xPro2,758xPro18,239xPro523
   Belgium33,042Pro79,76618,799Pro45,1591,357Pro6,70811,023Pro27,4611,864Pro438
   Bulgariax25,060x11,253x8,047x5,707x53
   Croatiax11,197x2,849x2,992x5,356xx
   CyprusxPro1,260xPro305xPro240xPro540xPro175
   Czech RepublicxPro65,783xPro37,263xPro13,099xPro15,201xPro220
   Denmark17,235s60,2909,404s37,1713,545s1,7754,116s21,052170s293
   Estoniax5,771x1,855x841x2,969x107
   Finlandx47,429x27,634x4,039x15,157x599
   France258,937x132,228x66,446x55,865x4,398x
   Germanyxs656,727x413,027x100,200x143,500xx
   Greecex41,790x9,102x11,750x20,404x533
   Hungary49,23635,75730,92120,82510,3697,4567,9467,476xx
   Ireland4,960s36,0871,549s18,2032,2149931,12016,89177x
   Italy105,927Pro258,58549,900Pro135,08521,036Pro38,30534,991Pro77,997xPro7,198
   Latviax5,120x896x1,077x3,147xx
   Lithuaniax10,924x2,630x2,399x5,895xx
   LuxembourgxPro5,196xPro3,007xPro1,134xPro1,055xx
   MaltaxPro1,430xPro939xPro39xPro452xx
   Netherlands57,450Pro133,21427,140Pro84,44412,740Pro14,77016,030Pro34,0001,540x
   Polandxx51,000x10,300x17,500xxx
   Portugal8,553Pro50,9121,891Pro19,6504,054Pro2,0232,330Pro28,539278Pro700
   Romaniax32,232x10,785x12,663x8,627x157
   Slovakiax17,768x4,643x4,414x8,623x88
   SloveniaxPro14,357xPro9,523xPro2,501xPro2,321xPro12
   Spains35,530205,87312,91490,12910,59439,97212,02275,191x580
   SwedenxPro90,690xPro64,276xPro4,269xPro21,918xPro227
   United Kingdom308,000Pro419,898191,000209,58455,000Pro14,01052,000Pro189,80911,000Pro6,495
Icelandx3,247x1,604x184x1,360x0
Norways15,21843,9186,93522,1703,2036,810s4,96014,937s120x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans668,939xs376,474x53,929xs222,565x15,971x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-07-20
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