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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro3,045,484
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro54,091
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,045,484xPro1,723,360xPro359,450xPro937,556xPro25,118
   AustriaxPro77,880xPro54,022xPro5,035xPro18,271xPro553
   Belgium33,042Pro83,44118,799Pro48,6151,357Pro8,36111,023Pro26,4651,864x
   BulgariaxPro23,290xPro10,735xPro7,990xPro4,414xPro151
   CroatiaxPro11,853xPro3,366xPro3,058xPro5,429xx
   CyprusxPro1,485xPro390xPro240xPro655xPro200
   Czech Republicx69,736x39,968x13,689x15,803x276
   Denmark17,235Pro62,9119,404Pro38,9753,545Pro1,7154,116Pro21,907170Pro314
   Estoniaxxxxx847x3,015x99
   Finlandx48,999x28,148x4,240x16,007x603
   France258,937x132,228x66,446x55,865x4,398x
   Germanyxs681,552xs432,352x103,900xs145,300xx
   GreecexPro48,226xPro14,750xPro10,926xPro22,051xPro499
   Hungary49,23640,43230,92124,71910,3697,2717,9468,442xx
   Ireland4,96030,3161,54917,7012,2141,0511,12011,56477x
   Italy105,927Pro291,51649,900Pro166,11621,036Pro38,38934,991Pro80,715xPro6,296
   LatviaxPro5,378xPro956xPro974xPro3,448xx
   Lithuaniax11,491x3,697x2,408x5,387xx
   LuxembourgxPro5,322xPro3,135x1,081x1,106xx
   Maltax1,481x970x29x483xx
   Netherlands57,450Pro138,29227,140Pro90,03712,740Pro14,85616,030Pro33,4001,540x
   Polandx121,35851,00067,04510,3003,16317,50050,670x480
   Portugal8,553Pro54,0911,891Pro21,2024,054Pro2,1882,330Pro30,023278Pro679
   Romaniax32,586x11,525x12,500x8,416x145
   Slovakiax19,011x5,654x4,213x9,056x87
   SloveniaxPro14,713xPro9,946xPro2,323xPro2,395xPro49
   Spains35,530...12,914...10,594...12,022...x...
   Swedenx89,268x61,177x4,895x23,196xx
   United Kingdom308,000Pro424,510191,000Pro215,71355,000Pro13,99952,000Pro188,03611,000Pro6,762
Icelandxxxxxxxxxx
Norways15,218Pro46,9896,935Pro23,8873,203Pro6,850s4,960Pro16,252s120x
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans668,939xs376,474x53,929xs222,565x15,971x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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