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EUROPE

Total personnel and researchers involved in research and development activities (R&D): full-time equivalent per thousand active persons

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro11.9
Portugal
2016
Pro9.8
EU28
1986
 
(no values)
Portugal
1986
2.3
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Proportion - ‰
Groups/Countries
Total personnel in R&D per thousand active persons
Researchers in R&D per thousand of the active population
Years More years here
1986
2016
1986
2016
European Union (28 countries)xPro11.9xPro7.6
   AustriaxPro16.4xPro10.0
   Belgium9.1Pro16.04.0Pro10.8
   BulgariaxPro7.7xPro4.9
   CroatiaxPro5.8xPro3.9
   CyprusxPro3.0xPro2.0
   Czech RepublicxPro12.3xPro7.0
   Denmark7.4s19.93.3s14.2
   Estoniax8.3x6.3
   Finlandx17.7x13.4
   France11.4-4.4-
   Germany-s15.2-s9.3
   Greece-Pro8.6-Pro6.1
   Hungary-7.8-5.6
   Ireland4.2s16.52.3s12.0
   Italy5.3Pro10.02.9Pro4.9
   Latviax5.2x3.2
   LithuaniaxPro7.2xPro5.7
   Luxembourg-Pro18.7-Pro9.0
   MaltaxPro7.1xPro4.1
   Netherlands-Pro14.9xPro9.2
   Polandx-x-
   Portugal2.3Pro9.81.2Pro7.9
   Romaniax3.6x2.0
   Slovakiax6.4x5.1
   SloveniaxPro14.4xPro8.1
   Spains3.3Pro9.0s1.8Pro5.5
   SwedenxPro17.2xPro13.3
   United Kingdom10.6Pro12.64.9Pro8.8
Icelandx16.5x11.2
NorwayxPro15.9xPro11.0
Switzerland--x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-11-27
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