Line Header
Pordata - Base de Dados Portugal Contemporâneo
Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos
PT   EN  |  Updates  UPDATES
Mobile Menu
Mobile Search
Pordata - Início
Municipalities
Portugal
Europe
Glossary
PUBLICATIONS
Academy
MUNICIPALITIES
PORTUGAL
EUROPE
Glossary
Publications
Academy
Updates
EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D) as a % of GDP: by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
Pro2.19
%
Portugal
2018
Pro1.35
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.52
%
Operations
Options
 
Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-Pro2.19-Pro1.45-Pro0.25-Pro0.47-Pro0.01
   Austrias1.53Pro3.17-Pro2.22-Pro0.23-Pro0.71-Pro0.02
   Belgium1.65Pro2.761.17Pro1.950.08Pro0.260.37Pro0.540.02Pro0.02
   Bulgaria0.43Pro0.750.21Pro0.540.18Pro0.170.04Pro0.04-Pro0.00
   Croatia-Pro0.97-Pro0.47-Pro0.19-Pro0.31--
   Cyprus-Pro0.55-Pro0.20-Pro0.05-Pro0.23-Pro0.06
   Czech Republic0.88Pro1.930.57Pro1.200.23Pro0.320.07Pro0.41-Pro0.00
   Denmark1.79Pro3.031.03Pro1.950.30Pro0.090.44Pro0.980.02Pro0.01
   Estonia-Pro1.40-Pro0.590.40Pro0.160.16Pro0.63-Pro0.02
   Finland2.202.761.391.810.370.230.430.700.010.02
   France2.24Pro2.201.37Pro1.440.47Pro0.280.37Pro0.450.03Pro0.03
   Germany2.14s3.131.42s2.160.330.420.39s0.56--
   Greece0.42Pro1.180.12Pro0.570.11Pro0.260.18Pro0.330.00Pro0.01
   Hungary0.711.530.311.160.180.170.170.19--
   Irelands1.221.150.86s0.860.110.05s0.250.24s0.01-
   Italy0.93Pro1.390.50Pro0.860.20Pro0.180.24Pro0.33-Pro0.02
   Latvia0.43Pro0.640.12Pro0.160.20Pro0.150.11Pro0.34--
   Lithuania0.43Pro0.88-Pro0.33-Pro0.19-Pro0.34--
   Luxembourg-Pro1.21-Pro0.68-s0.29-s0.25--
   Malta-0.55-0.32-0.01-0.22--
   Netherlands1.82Pro2.160.95Pro1.450.33Pro0.130.53Pro0.590.02-
   Poland0.62Pro1.210.24Pro0.800.22Pro0.020.16Pro0.380.00Pro0.00
   Portugal0.52Pro1.350.11Pro0.680.14Pro0.080.19Pro0.570.08Pro0.02
   Romania0.76Pro0.500.59Pro0.300.15Pro0.150.02Pro0.05-Pro0.00
   Slovakia0.900.840.490.450.360.180.050.200.000.00
   Slovenias1.49Pro1.950.69Pro1.450.38Pro0.26s0.41Pro0.230.01Pro0.01
   Spain0.77Pro1.240.37Pro0.700.14Pro0.210.25Pro0.330.01Pro0.00
   Swedens3.123.31s2.332.350.110.120.670.840.000.00
United Kingdom1.65Pro1.701.07Pro1.180.24Pro0.100.32Pro0.380.02Pro0.04
Iceland1.512.040.481.310.560.080.410.640.050.00
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-04-21
More options and data
Deepen your analysis. See and compare data and years.