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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D) of enterprises sector as a % of GDP

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro1.46
%
Portugal
2019
Pro0.74
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.11
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Expenditure in R&D of the enterprises sector as a % of GDP
Years More years here
1995
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)-Pro1.46
   Germany1.42s2.19
   Austria-Pro2.22
   Belgium1.17Pro2.05
   Bulgaria0.21Pro0.57
   Cyprus-Pro0.26
   Croatia-Pro0.55
   Denmark1.03Pro1.88
   Slovakia0.490.45
   Slovenia0.69Pro1.52
   Spain0.37Pro0.62
   Estonia-Pro0.86
   Finland1.391.83
   France1.37Pro1.44
   Greece0.12Pro0.57
   Hungary0.31Pro1.13
   Ireland0.86Pro0.51
   Italy0.50Pro0.91
   Latvia0.12Pro0.17
   Lithuania-Pro0.43
   Luxembourg-Pro0.60
   Malta-Pro0.38
   Netherlands0.95Pro1.46
   Poland0.24Pro0.84
   Portugal0.11Pro0.74
   Czech Republic0.57Pro1.20
   Romania0.59Pro0.28
   Swedens2.312.44
Iceland0.48-
United Kingdom1.07Pro1.20
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-12-03
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