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Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D) of enterprises sector as a % of GDP

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
1.45
%
Portugal
2018
Pro0.70
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.11
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Expenditure in R&D of the enterprises sector as a % of GDP
Years More years here
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-1.45
   Austria-Pro2.22
   Belgium1.17Pro1.95
   Bulgaria0.210.54
   Croatia-Pro0.47
   Cyprus-Pro0.20
   Czech Republic0.57Pro1.18
   Denmark1.03Pro1.95
   Estonia-Pro0.60
   Finland1.391.81
   France1.37Pro1.43
   Germany1.422.15
   Greece0.12Pro0.57
   Hungary0.311.16
   Ireland0.860.85
   Italy0.50Pro0.86
   Latvia0.120.16
   Lithuania-Pro0.39
   Luxembourg-Pro0.68
   Malta-Pro0.35
   Netherlands0.95Pro1.45
   Poland0.240.80
   Portugal0.11Pro0.70
   Romania0.59Pro0.30
   Slovakia0.490.45
   Slovenia0.69Pro1.45
   Spain0.37Pro0.70
   Swedens2.312.36
United Kingdom1.07Pro1.18
Iceland0.481.31
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-09-11
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