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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (%)

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
100.0
%
Portugal
2018
100.0
%
EU27 (2020)
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
100.0
%
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Proportion - %
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)x100.0x66.4x11.4x21.7xs0.6
   Austrias100.0Pro100.0-Pro69.9-Pro7.1-Pro22.4-Pro0.5
   BelgiumxPro100.0-Pro70.5xPro9.5xPro19.4xPro0.6
   Bulgariax100.0x71.9x22.1x5.4x0.6
   CroatiaxPro100.0xPro48.0xPro19.9xPro32.0x-
   CyprusxPro100.0xPro36.9xPro9.6xPro41.9xPro11.7
   Czech RepublicxPro100.0xPro61.9xPro16.4xPro21.5xPro0.2
   Denmark100.0Pro100.051.8Pro64.321.8Pro3.025.5Pro32.40.8Pro0.3
   EstoniaxPro100.0xPro42.3xPro11.4xPro44.5xPro1.7
   Finlandx100.0x65.7x8.3x25.2x0.8
   France100.0s100.057.9s65.425.2s12.515.9s20.50.9s1.6
   Germanys100.0s100.0s70.3s68.8s13.0s13.5s16.2s17.7s0.5-
   GreecexPro100.0xPro48.3xPro22.3xPro28.4xPro1.0
   Hungaryx100.0x75.6x10.9x12.7x-
   Ireland100.0100.043.674.739.34.316.021.01.1-
   Italy100.0Pro100.056.8Pro62.124.7Pro12.718.6Pro23.5-Pro1.8
   Latviax100.0x24.9x22.8x52.4x-
   LithuaniaxPro100.0xPro41.8xPro22.2xPro35.9x-
   LuxembourgxPro100.0xPro55.8xPro23.8xPro20.4x-
   MaltaxPro100.0xPro60.9xPro1.3xPro37.8x-
   Netherlands100.0Pro100.051.6Pro67.119.3Pro5.826.6Pro27.22.5-
   Polandx100.0x66.1x1.9x31.7x0.3
   Portugal100.0100.031.251.443.65.320.641.64.61.6
   Romaniax100.0x59.3x30.6x9.8x0.2
   Slovakiax100.0x54.1x21.2x24.3x0.4
   SloveniaxPro100.0xPro74.2xPro13.6xPro11.9xPro0.3
   Spain100.0100.048.856.528.816.822.426.4-0.3
   Swedenx100.0x71.0x3.6x25.3x0.1
United KingdomxPro100.0xPro69.1xPro6.1xPro22.5xPro2.2
Icelandx100.0x64.3x4.2x31.5x0.0
Norways100.0100.0s54.651.5s18.013.9s26.934.6s0.5-
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-06-22
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