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EUROPE

Expenditure in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance (%)

Year
Indicator
EU28
2018
Pro100.0
%
Portugal
2018
Pro100.0
%
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
100.0
%
Operations
Options
 
Proportion - %
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union (28 countries)xPro100.0xPro66.7xPro10.7xPro21.8xPro0.8
   Austrias100.0Pro100.0-Pro69.9-Pro7.1-Pro22.4-Pro0.5
   BelgiumxPro100.0-Pro70.5xPro9.5xPro19.4xPro0.6
   BulgariaxPro100.0xPro71.9xPro22.1xPro5.5xPro0.6
   CroatiaxPro100.0xPro48.0xPro19.9xPro32.0x-
   CyprusxPro100.0xPro36.9xPro9.6xPro41.9xPro11.7
   Czech RepublicxPro100.0xPro61.9xPro16.4xPro21.5xPro0.2
   Denmark100.0Pro100.051.8Pro64.321.8Pro3.025.5Pro32.40.8Pro0.3
   EstoniaxPro100.0xPro42.3xPro11.4xPro44.5xPro1.7
   Finlandx100.0x65.7x8.3x25.2x0.8
   France100.0s100.057.9s65.425.2s12.515.9s20.50.9s1.6
   Germanys100.0s100.0s70.3s68.8s13.0s13.5s16.2s17.7s0.5-
   GreecexPro100.0xPro48.3xPro22.3xPro28.4xPro1.0
   Hungaryx100.0x75.6x10.9x12.7x-
   Ireland100.0100.043.6s74.839.34.316.020.91.1-
   Italy100.0Pro100.056.8Pro62.124.7Pro12.718.6Pro23.5-Pro1.8
   LatviaxPro100.0xPro24.9xPro22.8xPro52.4x-
   LithuaniaxPro100.0xPro37.5xPro21.4xPro38.6x-
   LuxembourgxPro100.0xPro55.8xPro23.8xPro20.4x-
   Maltax100.0x59.2x1.3x39.5x-
   Netherlands100.0Pro100.051.6Pro67.119.3Pro5.826.6Pro27.22.5-
   PolandxPro100.0xPro66.1xPro1.9xPro31.7xPro0.3
   Portugal100.0Pro100.031.2Pro50.843.6Pro5.720.6Pro42.04.6Pro1.6
   Romaniax100.0x59.3x30.6x9.8x0.2
   Slovakiax100.0x54.1x21.2x24.3x0.4
   SloveniaxPro100.0xPro74.2xPro13.6xPro11.9xPro0.3
   Spain100.0100.048.856.528.816.822.426.4-0.3
   Swedenx100.0x70.9x3.6x25.4x0.1
   United KingdomxPro100.0xPro69.1xPro6.1xPro22.5xPro2.2
Icelandx100.0x64.3x4.2x31.5x0.0
Norways100.0Pro100.0s54.6Pro51.9s18.0Pro13.7s26.9Pro34.4s0.5-
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-12-19
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