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Government budget appropriations or outlays for research and development (R&D) as a % of GDP

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
0.7
%
Portugal
2018
Pro0.3
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.4
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D as a % of GDP
Years More years here
1995
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)-0.7
   Austria0.70.8
   Belgium0.50.6
   Bulgaria-0.2
   Croatia-Pro0.8
   Cyprus-Pro0.3
   Czech Republic-0.6
   Denmark0.6Pro0.9
   Estonia-0.7
   Finland0.90.8
   France1.1Pro0.6
   Germany0.90.9
   Greece0.2Pro0.6
   Hungary-0.3
   Ireland0.30.2
   Italy0.50.5
   Latvia0.20.2
   Lithuania-0.3
   Luxembourg-0.6
   Malta-0.2
   Netherlands0.80.7
   Poland0.40.3
   Portugal0.4Pro0.3
   Romania0.4Pro0.2
   Slovakia0.40.4
   Slovenia-0.4
   Spain0.5Pro0.5
   Swedens1.00.8
United Kingdom0.70.6
Iceland0.70.9
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-09-11
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