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Government budget appropriations or outlays for research and development (R&D) as a % of GDP

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2019
Pro0.7
%
Portugal
2019
Pro0.3
%
EU27 (2020)
1995
 
(no values)
Portugal
1995
0.4
%
Operations
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Ratio - %
Groups/Countries
Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D as a % of GDP
Years More years here
1995
2019
European Union 27 (since 2020)-Pro0.7
   Germany0.9Pro1.0
   Austria0.7Pro0.8
   Belgium0.5Pro0.7
   Bulgaria-Pro0.2
   Cyprus-Pro0.4
   Croatia-Pro0.8
   Denmark0.6Pro0.9
   Slovakia0.4Pro0.3
   Slovenia-Pro0.4
   Spain0.5Pro0.5
   Estonia-Pro0.6
   Finland0.9Pro0.8
   France1.1Pro0.5
   Greece0.2Pro0.8
   Hungary-Pro0.3
   Ireland0.3Pro0.2
   Italy0.5Pro0.5
   Latvia0.2Pro0.2
   Lithuania-Pro0.3
   Luxembourg-0.7
   Malta-0.2
   Netherlands0.8Pro0.7
   Poland0.4Pro0.4
   Portugal0.4Pro0.3
   Czech Republic-Pro0.6
   Romania0.4Pro0.2
   Swedens1.00.7
Iceland0.71.0
United Kingdom0.7s0.4
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-10-06
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