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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro1,951,250.0
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro44,322.0
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963.0
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,951,250.0xPro997,078.0
   AustriaxPro47,519.0xPro29,558.0
   Belgium13,410.0Pro56,067.05,662.0Pro30,326.0
   BulgariaxPro15,094.0xPro6,547.0
   CroatiaxPro7,856.0xPro1,666.0
   CyprusxPro1,015.0xPro260.0
   Czech Republicx39,181.0x20,206.0
   Denmark7,255.0Pro45,277.02,587.0Pro27,495.0
   Estoniaxxxx
   Finlandx37,047.0x20,544.0
   France90,076.0x37,366.0x
   Germanyxs413,542.0xs246,842.0
   GreecexPro35,185.0xPro10,664.0
   Hungary21,970.028,426.012,500.017,527.0
   Ireland2,291.020,421.0655.010,877.0
   Italy56,707.0Pro136,204.019,535.0Pro57,996.0
   LatviaxPro3,482.0xPro647.0
   Lithuaniax8,691.0x2,504.0
   LuxembourgxPro2,732.0xPro1,146.0
   Maltax894.0x510.0
   NetherlandsxPro85,300.0xPro53,515.0
   Polandx96,460.051,000.050,157.0
   Portugal3,963.0Pro44,322.0655.0Pro14,948.0
   Romaniax17,518.0x4,467.0
   Slovakiax15,226.0x3,333.0
   SloveniaxPro9,293.0xPro5,743.0
   Spain18,782.0...3,409.0...
   Swedenx75,247.0x50,361.0
   United Kingdom128,000.0Pro289,674.077,000.0Pro109,856.0
Icelandxxxx
Norways7,754.0Pro34,367.03,382.0Pro16,582.0
Switzerlandxxxx
Japans406,042.0xs201,137.0x
United States of Americas551,713.0xxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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