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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector

Year
Indicator
EU27 (2020)
2018
Pro1,772,714.0
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2018
Pro46,538.0
Full-time Equival...
EU27 (2020)
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963.0
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union 27 (since 2020)xPro1,772,714.0xPro971,153.0
   AustriaxPro50,975.0xPro32,125.0
   Belgium13,410.0Pro57,678.05,662.0Pro32,449.0
   BulgariaxPro16,499.0xPro7,998.0
   CroatiaxPro7,985.0xPro1,810.0
   CyprusxPro1,100.0xPro300.0
   Czech RepublicxPro41,198.0xPro21,150.0
   Denmark7,255.0Pro46,396.02,587.0Pro28,082.0
   EstoniaxPro4,968.0xPro1,652.0
   Finlandx37,891.0x21,328.0
   France90,076.0s306,451.037,366.0s190,891.0
   Germanyxs433,234.0xs261,634.0
   GreecexPro36,646.0xPro10,041.0
   Hungary21,970.031,430.012,500.020,024.0
   Ireland2,291.025,265.0655.0s12,192.0
   Italy56,707.0Pro139,853.019,535.0Pro60,912.0
   LatviaxPro3,689.0xPro684.0
   LithuaniaxPro8,773.0xPro2,667.0
   LuxembourgxPro2,986.0xPro1,311.0
   Maltax851.0x448.0
   NetherlandsxPro95,611.0xPro66,946.0
   PolandxPro117,789.051,000.0Pro56,727.0
   Portugal3,963.0Pro46,538.0655.0Pro15,880.0
   Romaniax17,213.0x4,643.0
   Slovakiax16,337.0x3,918.0
   SloveniaxPro10,087.0xPro6,264.0
   Spain18,782.0140,120.03,409.054,360.0
   Swedenx75,151.0x54,720.0
United Kingdom128,000.0Pro309,074.077,000.0Pro125,563.0
Icelandx2,050.0x876.0
Norways7,754.0Pro34,519.03,382.0Pro16,868.0
Switzerlandxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2020-06-24
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