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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro1,869,446.0
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2016
Pro40,746.0
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963.0
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1982
2016
1982
2016
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,869,446.0xx
   AustriaxPro44,933.0xPro28,750.0
   Belgium13,410.0Pro53,771.05,662.0Pro28,123.0
   BulgariaxPro15,990.0xPro6,098.0
   CroatiaxPro7,182.0xPro1,566.0
   CyprusxPro855.0xPro220.0
   Czech RepublicxPro37,338.0xPro19,185.0
   Denmark7,255.0s42,923.02,587.0s25,282.0
   Estoniax4,338.0x1,318.0
   Finlandx35,908.0x20,257.0
   France90,076.0x37,366.0x
   Germanyxs400,821.0xs235,921.0
   GreecexPro29,070.0xPro5,468.0
   Hungary21,970.025,804.012,500.015,247.0
   Ireland2,291.0s26,293.0655.0s11,185.0
   Italy56,707.0Pro126,674.019,535.0Pro50,447.0
   Latviax3,152.0x582.0
   LithuaniaxPro8,375.0xPro1,905.0
   LuxembourgxPro2,505.0xPro946.0
   MaltaxPro829.0xPro484.0
   NetherlandsxPro82,264.0xPro50,513.0
   Polandxx51,000.0x
   Portugal3,963.0Pro40,746.0655.0Pro12,490.0
   Romaniax18,046.0x4,857.0
   Slovakiax14,149.0x2,846.0
   SloveniaxPro8,102.0xPro4,472.0
   Spain18,782.0Pro126,051.03,409.0Pro46,640.0
   SwedenxPro70,372.0xPro47,127.0
   United Kingdom128,000.0Pro291,416.077,000.0x
Icelandx2,206.0x813.0
Norways7,754.0Pro30,409.03,382.0Pro13,834.0
Switzerlandxxxx
Japans406,042.0xs201,137.0x
United States of Americas551,713.0xxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2017-11-27
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