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EUROPE

Self-employed as employers by level of education as a % of self-employed persons as employers

Year
Indicator
EU28
2018
16.6
%
Portugal
2018
49.4
%
EU28
1992
 
(no values)
Portugal
1992
78.5
%
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Proportion - %
Groups/Countries
Education level
Total
Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (ISCED 0-2)
From upper secondary education to post-secondary non-tertiary education (ISCED 3-4)
Tertiary education (ISCED 5-8)
Years More years here
1992
2018
1992
2018
1992
2018
1992
2018
European Union (28 countries)x100.0x16.6x43.4x39.8
   Austriax100.0x5.1x40.5x54.4
   Belgium100.0100.029.610.838.341.032.148.2
   Bulgariax100.0x-x51.4x46.5
   Croatiax100.0xu3.5x63.1x33.4
   Cyprusx100.0xu11.3x33.8x55.0
   Czech Republicx100.0xu1.6x63.4x34.9
   Denmark100.0100.021.416.361.050.517.530.3
   Estoniax100.0xu4.9x45.2x49.8
   Finlandx100.0x12.3x46.3x41.3
   France100.0100.0-10.4-41.1-48.1
   Germany100.0100.07.87.037.641.345.051.5
   Greece100.0100.052.522.931.944.015.633.1
   Hungaryx100.0x3.1x62.2x34.8
   Ireland100.0100.045.012.328.338.626.546.1
   Italy100.0100.064.433.227.247.88.418.9
   Latviax100.0x-x46.5x50.4
   Lithuaniax100.0x-x34.3x62.9
   Luxembourg100.0100.050.0u10.026.733.8u23.350.0
   Maltax100.0x38.9x36.8x24.2
   Netherlands100.0100.0-14.5-43.1-40.6
   Polandx100.0xu1.5x58.0x40.5
   Portugal100.0100.078.549.410.328.511.222.2
   Romaniax100.0x-x56.5x41.4
   Slovakiax100.0x-x64.4x34.7
   Sloveniax100.0xu4.2x65.1x30.4
   Spain100.0100.067.836.514.825.217.438.4
   Swedenx100.0x15.9x56.8x26.7
   United Kingdom100.0100.038.415.736.038.025.546.0
Icelandx100.0x20.5x43.8x35.6
Norwayx100.0x19.5x43.0x37.7
Switzerlandx100.0x6.1x42.1x51.6
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | NSI, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-05-07
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