Summary table: Portugal
Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos
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2030 AGENDA SDG
PORTUGAL
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Portugal's evolution over the past 6 decades

Summary table

Year
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1960197019811991200120112022
8,865.08,680.49,851.39,960.210,362.710,565.810,444.2
---8,530,0268,902,0019,721,40610,872,921

Young people

aged under 15
-2,492,8922,493,7631,959,6711,679,1911,588,6631,354,417

Young people (%)

aged under 15
-28.725.319.716.215.013.0
-5,368,5666,224,9246,628,0216,978,2576,976,6936,605,042
-61.863.266.567.366.063.2

Elderly people

65 years and older
-818,9721,132,6381,372,5431,705,2742,000,4802,484,783

Elderly people (%)

65 years and older
-9.411.513.816.518.923.8

Ageing index

elderly per 100 young people
-32.945.470.0101.6125.9183.5
-6.65.54.84.13.52.7
--0.61.13.44.17.5
2,356,9822,345,2252,924,4433,147,2863,650,7574,043,726-
10.810.013.013.817.321.4-
3.73.73.33.12.82.6-
1.10.68.914.832.374.2Pro50.0
9.213.426.027.937.560.573.3
213,895180,690152,071116,299112,77496,85683,671
9.57.29.515.623.842.860.2
25.024.423.624.926.829.230.8

Total fertility rate

average number of children per woman of childbearing age
3.192.992.131.561.451.351.43
95,00793,09395,728103,882105,092102,848124,361

Infant mortality rate (‰)

deaths of children under 1 year of age per 1000 live births
77.555.521.810.85.03.12.6
60.764.068.270.673.376.7-
66.470.375.277.680.182.6-

Natural increase (thousands)

difference between total births and total deaths
118.987.656.312.47.7-6.0-40.6

Net migration (thousands)

difference between immigration and emigration
--122.08.3-32.856.2-7.886.9
---4,216,5415,357,900Pre5,879,333-
91.383.481.973.570.768.1-
-2.85.415.918.419.3-
-47.471.586.897.999.4-
---2,880,3883,185,972Pre3,556,128-

Illiteracy rate (%)

(1)
resident population aged 10 and over who cannot read or write
33.125.718.611.09.05.2-
----6.813.422.5
----44.323.06.0
-17,19010,57510,4059,4165,2214,045
-1,316,2791,574,5681,484,2561,223,1511,206,716930,323
-27,028176,084347,911413,748440,895397,100
--83,754186,780387,703396,268433,217
---18,67161,14078,78591,870
-53,786113,555146,149176,707174,953150,649
--9,097-35,74037,07840,183
-122121320234397459
-2,7502,9806,5788,55613,49520,259
3,3804,7324,5783,39013,19625,87141,388
1,8312,3401,3906663,8368,48414,878
----455558569
26,58827,97130,3398,23419,47115,7029,614
-634-237217226-
---2,5012,5562,9002,921
7,0758,156-28,32633,23342,79660,396
9,54113,797-30,09439,52964,47881,799
20520821830833732738
2534226881,0281,4401,748Pro1,728
1,9642,5734,5509,52618,95427,869Pro35,432
263,173245,676489,658723,263737,000802,619Pro484,141
270,420246,593471,522709,781669,874771,647Pro523,100
172,194145,613643,465641,3541,284,2331,690,142Pro593,110

Congestion rate in courts of justice (%)

lawsuits pending per 100 terminated
66.459.4132.688.5181.7215.0120.4

Actual prison occupancy (%)

(inmates / prison capacity)*100
77.447.275.7108.4114.5105.098.1
58.648.729.731.958.464.667.6
---385,565593,5741,136,2561,453,728
---2,514,2613,116,3513,741,6334,582,115
2,2922,9889,87817,68745,29031,98645,013
4326399631,0036,85832,47320,191

Economically active population (thousands)

employed population + unemployed population
--4,367.25,101.65,342.45,117.85,222.6

Activity rate (%)

economically active population per each 100 individuals aged 16 to 89
---63.861.558.159.8

Employment rate (%)

employed population per each 100 individuals aged 16 to 89
---60.759.150.356.1
--26.717.512.94.02.7
--36.533.533.828.724.6
--36.849.053.367.372.7
--67.569.672.583.984.9

Unemployment rate (%)

unemployed population per 100 economically active population
---4.14.013.46.1
56,296187,2971,719,6852,207,1452,528,9292,943,6542,990,010
63,29073,510140,051268,110436,176591,777648,357
1.94.225.130.834.039.439.9
--58,86993,830155,979320,387163,824

Social Security average annual pension

€, constant prices (2016)
1,636.62,219.52,164.42,860.64,015.25,099.76,004.8

General Government expenditure

millions €, constant prices (2016)
----79,764.893,759.0Pro93,120.1

Gross disposable income

millions €, constant prices (2016)
43,194.972,232.9106,192.0146,804.9180,969.9185,796.7Pro213,443.5

GDP

millions €, constant prices (2016)
41,348.667,359.6100,281.8139,222.3180,748.3187,432.5Pro211,154.3
9.311.514.316.719.219.7Pro17.6
73.464.563.964.662.865.9Pro64.2

GDP per capita

€, constant prices (2016)
4,664.27,759.910,179.513,977.817,442.217,739.5Pro20,217.3
22.225.133.126.727.418.4Pro20.1
2.64.319.211.84.43.77.8
10.323.924.918.213.18.7Pro6.3
----3,912.24,652.1Pro4,728.4

Burnt area

(8)
Hectare
--89,798182,486117,42077,104110,097
---1,2498,54713,91112,366
-----90.488.3
-45.346.857.454.353.057.8
----2.82.9Pro6.4
-3,357,5636,367,37211,054,87120,703,09530,686,190Pro56,762,273
--39,819,25550,645,49656,164,26267,506,738Pro85,025,486
-365,423264,398305,431146,094164,236121,069

Wine production

hectoliters
----7,789,4275,622,363Pro6,848,414

Olive oil produced

(8)
hectoliters
942,005734,752251,115668,711349,502831,9141,377,529
Symbology
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Sources
Sources/Entities: INE, BdP, CGA/MTSSS-MF, DGEEC/ME-MCTES,  DGEG/MAAC, DGRM/MAA-MEM-MIH, DGPJ/MJ, DGS/MS, ICA/MC, ICNF/MAAC, IGFSS/MTSSS, II/MTSSS, ISS/MTSSS, SEF/MAI, SGMAI, SIBS, PORDATA
Notes
When a methodological change occurs, a break in series is displayed.
More information about these figures is available by clicking on each indicator.
(1) - Census data.
(2) - The year presented corresponds to the last year of the pair of academic years.
(3) - From 2011 onwards, the values include enterprises, individual self-employed workers and independent workers.
(4) - The year presented corresponds to the first year of the pair of academic years.
(5) - From 2001 onwards, the figures refer to periods of three consecutive years: 2000-2002 (year 2001); 2010-2012 (year 2011) and 2020-2022 (year 2021).
(6) - The values exclude Agriculture, Fishing and Public Administration.
(7) - The values refer to marriages between people of the opposite sex.
(8) - The figures refer to Mainland Portugal.