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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro1,951,250
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro44,322
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
1982
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,951,250xPro997,078xPro203,063xPro735,323xPro15,786
   AustriaxPro47,519xPro29,558xPro3,579xPro14,000xPro382
   Belgium13,410Pro56,0675,662Pro30,326645Pro5,1366,608Pro20,605494x
   BulgariaxPro15,094xPro6,547xPro4,626xPro3,826xPro95
   CroatiaxPro7,856xPro1,666xPro1,798xPro4,392xx
   CyprusxPro1,015xPro260xPro85xPro595xPro75
   Czech Republicx39,181x20,206x7,908x10,875x192
   Denmark7,255Pro45,2772,587Pro27,4951,868Pro1,3882,719Pro16,18081Pro214
   Estoniaxxxxx549x2,452x88
   Finlandx37,047x20,544x3,318x12,731x454
   France90,076x37,366x18,358x33,023x1,329x
   Germanyxs413,542xs246,842x53,700xs113,000xx
   GreecexPro35,185xPro10,664xPro6,372xPro17,861xPro289
   Hungary21,97028,42612,50017,5275,0094,8674,4616,032xx
   Ireland2,29120,42165510,8776815809008,96455x
   Italy56,707Pro136,20419,535Pro57,9969,314Pro21,80027,858Pro51,932xPro4,476
   LatviaxPro3,482xPro647xPro571xPro2,264xx
   Lithuaniax8,691x2,504x1,613x4,575xx
   LuxembourgxPro2,732xPro1,146x606x980xx
   Maltax894x510x20x364xx
   NetherlandsxPro85,300xPro53,515xPro9,5866,752Pro22,200xx
   Polandx96,46051,00050,15710,3002,30517,50043,579x419
   Portugal3,963Pro44,322655Pro14,9481,760Pro1,4531,394Pro27,435154Pro485
   Romaniax17,518x4,467x6,526x6,413x112
   Slovakiax15,226x3,333x3,078x8,745x70
   SloveniaxPro9,293xPro5,743xPro1,502xPro2,020xPro29
   Spain18,782...3,409...3,351...12,022...x...
   Swedenx75,247x50,361x3,788x21,098xx
   United Kingdom128,000Pro289,67477,000Pro109,85620,000Pro6,78925,000Pro168,6555,000Pro4,374
Icelandxxxxxxxxxx
Norways7,754Pro34,3673,382Pro16,582xPro4,800xPro12,985xx
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans406,042xs201,137x28,831xs170,103x5,971x
United States of Americas551,713xxx60,000x99,500x27,000x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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