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EUROPE

Researchers (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by sector of performance

Year
Indicator
EU28
2016
Pro1,881,219
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2016
Pro40,746
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
3,963
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Government sector
Higher education sector
Private non-profit sector
Years More years here
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
1982
2016
European Union (28 countries)xPro1,881,219xPro928,259xPro210,273xPro726,572xPro16,115
   AustriaxPro44,933xPro28,750xPro1,735xPro14,088xPro361
   Belgium13,410Pro53,7715,662Pro28,123645Pro4,2086,608Pro21,080494Pro360
   Bulgariax16,001x6,109x4,695x5,158x39
   Croatiax7,555x1,579x1,708x4,268xx
   CyprusxPro855xPro220xPro80xPro490xPro65
   Czech RepublicxPro37,338xPro19,185xPro7,500xPro10,511xPro142
   Denmark7,255s42,9232,587s25,2821,868s1,4132,719s16,03581s194
   Estoniax4,338x1,318x505x2,426x89
   Finlandx35,908x20,257x3,209x11,987x456
   France90,076x37,366x18,358x33,023x1,329x
   Germanyxs400,658x235,758x54,100x110,800xx
   Greecex29,403x5,608x6,263x17,241x291
   Hungary21,97025,80412,50015,2475,0094,9654,4615,592xx
   Ireland2,291s26,293655s11,18568150490014,60455x
   Italy56,707Pro126,67419,535Pro50,4479,314Pro21,52827,858Pro49,906xPro4,793
   Latviax3,152x582x626x1,944xx
   Lithuaniax8,526x1,956x1,577x4,993xx
   LuxembourgxPro2,505xPro946xPro615xPro943xx
   MaltaxPro829xPro484xPro15xPro330xx
   NetherlandsxPro82,264xPro50,513xPro9,1516,752Pro22,600xx
   Polandxx51,000x10,300x17,500xxx
   Portugal3,963Pro40,746655Pro12,4901,760Pro1,3011,394Pro26,432154Pro524
   Romaniax18,046x4,857x6,755x6,314x120
   Slovakiax14,149x2,846x3,087x8,154x62
   SloveniaxPro8,102xPro4,472xPro1,667xPro1,951xPro12
   Spain18,782126,6333,40947,2223,35120,66312,02258,413x335
   SwedenxPro70,372xPro47,127xPro3,362xPro19,726xPro157
   United Kingdom128,000Pro291,41677,000110,14920,000Pro6,76525,000Pro170,2305,000Pro4,272
Icelandx2,206x813x143x1,151x0
Norways7,75431,9133,38215,330x4,788x11,795xx
Switzerlandxxxxxxxxxx
Japans406,042xs201,137x28,831xs170,103x5,971x
United States of Americas551,713xxx60,000x99,500x27,000x
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-07-20
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