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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU28
2018
Pro3,265,101
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2018
Pro57,150
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
Operations
Options
 
Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
2000
2018
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,265,101x-x-x-x-x-x-
   AustriaxPro81,534x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Belgium53,391Pro88,749x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Bulgaria15,259Pro25,7174,234-4,895-1,509-2,667-782-1,172-
   CroatiaxPro13,029x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Cyprus680Pro1,610207-58-32-220-92-69-
   Czech Republic24,198Pro74,9696,926-11,864-1,596-1,785-476-1,551-
   Denmark37,693Pro64,591x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Estonia3,710Pro6,183x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Finland52,60450,011x-x-x-x-x-x-
   France327,466s451,423x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Germany484,734s706,557x-x-x-x-x-x-
   GreecexPro51,092x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Hungary23,53445,5663,928-7,170-3,200-2,620-2,030-3,417-
   Ireland12,76235,817x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Italy150,066Pro311,734x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Latvia5,449Pro6,0392,115-1,285-223-570-880-376-
   Lithuania11,791Pro11,661x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Luxembourg3,663Pro5,624x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Maltax1,408x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Netherlands91,313Pro157,389x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Poland78,925Pro161,99317,885-29,254-10,018-8,213-7,712-5,843-
   Portugals21,888Pro57,150s5,678-s3,866-s1,935-s2,623-s3,029-s1,165-
   Romania33,89231,9334,300-22,528-1,154-3,891-1,278-741-
   Slovakia15,22120,2684,016-5,504-1,640-1,638-1,876-547-
   Slovenia8,568Pro15,6981,387-4,362-1,065-419-1,135-200-
   Spain120,618225,696x-x-x-x-x-x-
   Swedenx92,011x-x-x-x-x-x-
   United Kingdoms288,599Pro469,647x-x-x-x-x-x-
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-12-17
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