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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and by field of science

Year
Indicator
EU28
2017
Pro3,045,484
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2017
Pro54,091
Full-time Equival...
EU28
2000
 
(no values)
Portugal
2000
s21,888
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Field of science
Total
Natural sciences
Engineering and technology
Medical and health sciences
Agricultural sciences
Social sciences
Humanities
Years More years here
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
2000
2017
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,045,484xxxxxxxxxxxx
   AustriaxPro77,880xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Belgium53,391Pro83,441xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Bulgaria15,259Pro23,2904,234x4,895x1,509x2,667x782x1,172x
   CroatiaxPro11,853xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Cyprus680Pro1,485207x58x32x220x92x69x
   Czech Republic24,19869,7366,926x11,864x1,596x1,785x476x1,551x
   Denmark37,693Pro62,911xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Estonia3,710xxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Finland52,60448,999xxxxxxxxxxxx
   France327,466xxxxxxxxxxxxx
   Germany484,734s681,552xxxxxxxxxxxx
   GreecexPro48,226xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Hungary23,53440,4323,928x7,170x3,200x2,620x2,030x3,417x
   Ireland12,76230,316xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Italy150,066Pro291,516xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Latvia5,449Pro5,3782,115x1,285x223x570x880x376x
   Lithuania11,79111,491xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Luxembourg3,663Pro5,322xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Maltax1,481xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Netherlands91,313Pro138,292xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Poland78,925121,35817,885x29,254x10,018x8,213x7,712x5,843x
   Portugals21,888Pro54,091s5,678xs3,866xs1,935xs2,623xs3,029xs1,165x
   Romania33,89232,5864,300x22,528x1,154x3,891x1,278x741x
   Slovakia15,22119,0114,016x5,504x1,640x1,638x1,876x547x
   Slovenia8,568Pro14,7131,387x4,362x1,065x419x1,135x200x
   Spain120,618...xxxxxxxxxxxx
   Swedenx89,268xxxxxxxxxxxx
   United Kingdoms288,599Pro424,510xxxxxxxxxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2018-11-21
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