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EUROPE

Total personnel (FTE) involved in research and development activities (R&D): total and of enterprises sector

Year
Indicator
EU28
2018
Pro3,265,101.0
Full-time Equival...
Portugal
2018
Pro57,150.0
Full-time Equival...
EU28
1982
 
(no values)
Portugal
1982
8,553.0
Full-time Equival...
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Full-time Equivalent (FTE)
Groups/Countries
Performance sectors
Total
Business enterprise sector
Years More years here
1982
2018
1982
2018
European Union (28 countries)xPro3,265,101.0xPro1,904,474.0
   AustriaxPro81,534.0xPro56,292.0
   Belgium33,042.0Pro88,749.018,799.0Pro55,360.0
   BulgariaxPro25,717.0xPro13,018.0
   CroatiaxPro13,029.0xPro4,520.0
   CyprusxPro1,610.0xPro450.0
   Czech RepublicxPro74,969.0xPro42,349.0
   Denmark17,235.0Pro64,591.09,404.0Pro39,805.0
   EstoniaxPro6,183.0xPro2,150.0
   Finlandx50,011.0x28,720.0
   France258,937.0s451,423.0132,228.0s275,553.0
   Germanyxs706,557.0xs451,057.0
   GreecexPro51,092.0xPro13,922.0
   Hungary49,236.045,566.030,921.029,085.0
   Ireland4,960.035,817.01,549.0s18,956.0
   Italy105,927.0Pro311,734.049,900.0Pro185,228.0
   LatviaxPro6,039.0xPro1,221.0
   LithuaniaxPro11,661.0xPro4,009.0
   LuxembourgxPro5,624.0xPro3,311.0
   Maltax1,408.0x854.0
   Netherlands57,450.0Pro157,389.027,140.0Pro113,686.0
   PolandxPro161,993.051,000.0Pro85,981.0
   Portugal8,553.0Pro57,150.01,891.0Pro22,737.0
   Romaniax31,933.0x12,081.0
   Slovakiax20,268.0x6,524.0
   SloveniaxPro15,698.0xPro10,456.0
   Spains35,530.0225,696.012,914.0104,474.0
   Swedenx92,011.0x67,554.0
   United Kingdom308,000.0Pro469,647.0191,000.0Pro255,120.0
Icelandx3,172.0x1,799.0
Norways15,218.0Pro46,846.06,935.0Pro24,009.0
Switzerlandxxxx
Sources/Entities: Eurostat | OECD | National Entities, PORDATA
Last updated: 2019-12-17
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